Jllizabeth Killie, coitp.
Kinmundy: Railway to Thruway, 1857-
K INM UND Y
ICailwav to Tliruwa>
1857 - 1957
To those early Kinmnndians who founded this community, and to those who con-
tinued building it; to those whose names are listed here; and to those whose names did not
reach us in time to be included, we dedicate thi
s book. To those present day citizens, who have
joined in making this hundredth birthday pai
ty a time to remember, and whose wonderful
si)irit of cooperation promises much for the fu
ture of our eommunit.y, we dedicate this book.
T. M. and Bessie King Smith
F. D. P. and Martha Rutherford Snelling
Fred .1. and Elizalietli Tomlinson Nirider
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Banning
.Mr. and Jlrs. F. A. Pruett
Lew A. and Ethel Wantland Alderson
Miss Mollie A. Songer
Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Songer
Charles B. and Annie G. Rohrbough
Christian J. and Elizabeth Feller Hiller
Rev. and Mrs. William R. Bradley
Leauder C. and Elizabeth Lydick Matthews
Jojni H. Nelms
John M. and Martha Tucker Rotan
Dr. Chark's II. Dennis
Martin and Barbara Phillips Schoeiiborn
D. A. and Susanna Fairall Porter
Charles E. and Kate Sclioenboni Buswell
Charles E. and Hazel Denni.s Siemer
R. C. and Hannah Robb
Moses and Elizabeth Green Swift
Ml', and Mrs. Eli Connant
Charles M. and Mary Elizabeth Neavill
.Mr. and Mrs. James Harvey Gray
Frank V. and Breniee Young Davis
Clarence and Virginia Gray Hanna
.Mr. and IMrs. Harry E. Miner
A. S. and Ellen Doty Scliermerhorn
Capt. and Anna Moore Rohrbough
A. V. and Belle Dillon Schermerhorn
Edwin and Katherine Groves Wormley
Gottlieb and Rachel Hope Fenster
The Melvin Downs Family
S. R. Wooley
Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Mendenhall
Mr. and I\Irs. Jolni Merchant
Gustin L. and Jennie D. Eagan
Gilbert Ward Morgan
Charles H. and Rose Dillon West
Ml-, and Mrs. Thomas Hargrave
Jesse and Louisa George
■Mr. and Mrs. James T. Sexton
Owen and Dovey Gray George
Mr. and Mrs. H. L. Warren
Walter S. George
Mr. and Mrs. E. II. Bosley
Louis M. and Jennie B. Rotan
William and Elizabeth Holt Morris
.Ml', and .Mrs. Denton Gray
Pleasant F. Robuett
EIroy and Jennie Hallett Snelling
David P. and llaniiali A. Snelling
Mr. and Mrs. Noah Robuett
George and Emma Snelling
James E. Williams
I Ihosc early Kinmimdians who founded this community, and to those who con-
ihliny it ; to those whose names are listed here; and to those whose names did nut
in time to be included, we dedicate this book. To those present day citizens, who have
makinsj this hundredth birthday party a time to remember, and wiiose wonderl'iil
•ooperation ])ronuses much for the future of our comnnniity, we dedicate this book.
Mr. and .Mrs. Oliver Y
W. W. and Frances (i
diaries and Adora Lowry Shnreldt
Henry and Ida Shr
J. Oscar Cox
Georg-e and Elizabeth F.rammer West
James B. and Elizabetli Parker ^IcHryde
J. P. and Sallie McBryde Steen
Richard P. and Mary E. West McRi-yde
Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Wilkinson
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Telford
William L. and Harriett Forshee King-
Will and Nellie Rejaiolds
Oscar X. and Gertrude Tyner
M. A. Snelliny Babcock
Erasmus and ilary Jane Jones Eagan
Isaac and Athaline Eagan
J. F. and Mary C. Hockaday
The Storrs Family
A. j\I. and Sallie IIowcl Allen
Edwin Charles and Nellie Ibilbrook Bargh
George Holbrook Bargh
John and Mary Faucher Hammer
John R. Dillon
Howard L. Robb
John and Lois Xelms Roiib
F. .M. and Julia Lowe Robb
James Harvey Gray
-Mary Gray Ingi'am
Robert Lee Ingram
Jennie Bascom Grisson
Levi C. and Sarah King Rohrboiigh
The Emmet t Porter Family
Dr. A. J. G. and Julia Gould Hall
George P. and Anna Foster Tondinson
S. J. and Elzora Ray Allen
James 0. and Anna Humphrey Fish
The Scawthorn Family
to Mrs. Harriet DeVore, "Aunt Harriet," who was boru in Ohio in 1852.
She remembers as a little girl, the Civil War and Morgan's raiders, and re-
ealls the day when a neighbor told her family of Lincoln's assassination.
After the death of her husband in 1891 .she brought her nine children to
Ivinmundy, where her parents had moved in 1872. She was the baby
nurse of the community and most young mothers of this area asked her
to be with them when their babies were born. July 24 is her 10.5th bifth-
day, and if her health permits, she will receive old friends during- the
Centennial, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Florence Franklin, where
she now lives.
to Miss Luella Parill, «ho celebrated her 94th birthday by baking her own
cake and inviting the neighbors in. She is the only one of these ladies
who have been able to participate in the Centennial activities, and has
been an honored guest at the Finid raising dinner, and other celebrations.
She lives alone and does her own house keeping. Born in Meacham town-
ship, she moved Avith her family to Kinmundy in October 1907. S h e
worked in Chieaao for manv years and returned to her old home in 19:50.
to Mrs. Elzora Dennis Nelms, who was born in Zancsville, Ohio, in October,
186:3 and came to Kinmundy with her family, the Alec Porters, when she
was a year and a half old. She was in the millinery business for 20 years,
a milliner for 10 years in the shop of Miss Mollie Songer and then in her
own shop in her home, on jMadisou street. She now lives near the Metho-
dist church, of which she is a lifelong member, with her brother, Frank
I'orter and her daughter, Mrs. Hallie Combs.
to Mrs. Nan Whisnant, who would have been 97 on August 26, and intend-
ed til eclihrafe hcfdi'e that by riding iu the Centemiial parade. She was
born in -lenniims Co.. Indiana in 1860 and moved with her parents to a
farm near Salem when she was about a year old. After her marriage in
1879 to David C. Whisnant, she moved to a farm near Kinmundy and
later to town where she lived alone after Mr. Whisnant 's death in 1926.
A few years ago she was forced by failing health to give up her home
and live with relatives. A recent serious illness caused her to be moved
to a nursing home, tho .she was able to go to a family reunion on June 16.
A short time later she fell, breaking a hip and arm. She did not recover.
to Mrs. Sara McGee Miller, who Mas born in Carol County, Virginia, on
.March 11, 1859. Her family came west in a covered wagon when she was a
1 hild. When one of their horses died, they stopped at a small mining
town near Washington, Indiana where they lived for some years, her
t.itlier working as a miner. Later they moved to Sandoval, where she
married Theodore "Pete" Miller in 1888 and moved to Kinmundy where
.Mr. Miller worked in the mine till it closed. She died on March 1, 1957,
at the age of 98.
Board of nir0'€*t€prs
Members of the Centennial Board, left to right, standing, Rodney Schooley, Carl Dunlap, Lewis O'DeU, Mrs. Max-
ine Robb, treasurer, Jesse George Dr. Dwight Hanna, president. Seated, Mayor E. E. Jahraus, Mrs. Lura Robnett, sec-
Mildred Bargh, Mrs. Pola
FINANCE: Harvey Hanna, Mrs.
Grain, Ray Vandeveer, Emmett uruy.
Bud Robnett, C. R. Alderson.
GO\^RNOR'S: E. E. Jahraus, Mark
.Vrnold, Arno Miller. Elwin Ingram
Robert Marshall, Ellis Johnson, Fred
PARADE: Mrs. I'ola Robb, Pauline Ba-
gott, Mrs. Marge Boyd, Gene Ernst,
Jesse George, Rev. Rutus Gerkin,
Dwight Ingram, Mrs. Maxine Robb,
HOSPIT.\LITY: Mrs. Lillian Gnssom,
Elno Brown. Miss Dorothy McCuUey,
Oi.iii 1.. mIi Mi.~. -Vmelda Vallow, Mrs.
11,., \' II, . \Ua Bagott, Mrs. Peail
1 i.i I \I Mi-d Brown, Mrs. Fer-
(li. i. 'I iJrissom, Arno Miller.
(■().\i i:~ ~ i' ' s lied Gammon, Fred
Klii.ss Dan Hiestand, Roy Doolen,
Wayne Robb. R. R. Atkins, George
PUBLICITY: Mrs. Adina LeMay, Eliza-
beth Killie. Mrs. Phyllis See, Orous
Leach. Arno Miller. Mildred Kleiss.
Russell Williams, Mrs. Bertha John-
FIREWORKS: Jesse George. Ray Van-
deveer. Virgil See. Wayne Robb. Dwight
Day. Virsil McKitrick. Orville Gordon
Jr..' Robert G.-iler.
Ti;-VKFK- SA1-i:TY and PARKING:
Norma n BUi
VETERAN'S: R. R. Atkins, Roy Dool-
en, E. E. Jahraus. Mrs. Roy Doolen.
Merle Jackson, Wyelt Colclasure, Fred
I. C. R. R.: F. O. Grissom. Ray Mauld-
- - R. Lee.
Alexander. iTrs. Louise Feather,
Ernst, Wilma Boughers, Mrs. Lora
Ingram, Mrs. Virginia Montgomery,
Mrs. Mary Esther Jones, Mrs. Florence
Weiss, Mrs. Fern Ballance.
FARMERS DINNER: James Bagan,
Howard Hammer, Wayne Robb, Gil-
bert Doolen, Bill Green, John Phillips,
Gene Ernst, Dwight Hanna.
HISTORICAL DISPLAY: Mrs. Elizabeth
Lux, Mrs Ruby Linton. Mrs. Bertha
See. Mrs. Huffy Hanna. Mrs. Grace
Mendenhall. Elizabeth Killie. Glenn
Jahraus. Mrs. Dorothy Schooley. A. C.
RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES: Jamie Mc-
Gee, Fred Kleiss, Fr. Str:^clf-r R.v i: rl
Phillips, Rev. Rufus G.il i, \:.\ \
C. Martin, Mrs. Bertha ."^i , M \
O'Dell, Mrs. Dorothy M ' ! 1
Lillian Grissom. Mr.s. i I. h.
B. J. Rotan, Mrs. Maisaid c?l.iii, UK.
Mrs. Thelma Bailey. Leland Bras. 1.
Emmett Gray. Gilbert Doolen, Russell
Williams, Mrs. Amelda Vallow, Gene
Ernst, Mrs. Maxine Robb, John Wm.
McCuIley, Tom Helpingstine, Fred
Gammon, Fred Alexander, Ray Ingram,
HOMECOMING: Mrs. Margaret Shu-
feldt, F. O. Grissom, J. B. Maxey, J.
R. Mahan, Mrs. Bertha Pruett, Mrs.
CENTENNIAL BALL: Wayne Robb,
Mrs. Alecia White. Mrs. Pola Robb.
Merle Jack.son, Bill Lux. Charles Bas-
.5. tt i;-, y ()!,trn. Frosty Jones. George
ENTERTAINMENT: Cecil Bailey, Kath-
erine Wormley, Dwight Day, Herbert
Vandeveer, Dwight Hanna, Mildred
Kleiss, Mrs. Maxine Robb, Mrs. Ferdie
Leach, Tom Helpingstein, Raymond
Swift, R. R. Atkins, Gene Williams.
SOUVENIR: Mrs. Lura Robnett, Mrs.
Vera ilaxey. Mrs. Stella P'ruett. Mrr
rron Sill. Mrs
i.STUME: Charles Bas-
i White. Glenn Doolen,
.. F. .\. Motch. Harry
B. F. Linton.
low. Katherine W(
Mrs. Lura I
Hulsey. Fred Kki.'!.«. -Mr.-;
Mrs. Wanda Eagan. Mr.<.
mer. Mrs. Millie Bassett
FUND RAISING DINNER DECORA
TIONS: Mrs. Alice Lewin,
Holt. Mrs. Lou Neathery,
Ml. Th.hn,, l;,ll^^. .-I'll- .Lispi-r, Ed-
.' ,1 hiiHS. .Ml-.- I,iI1i:m, <;ii.->..rn. Mrs.
1:1,,, Ingram. -Mr.s. .Milared Bargh.
\l! .Mildred Brown. Marshall Wil-
1 I P. O. Grissom.
! \XT: Mrs. Thelma Bailey. Mrs.
Iv ithl.en Day. E. E. Brown. Kather-
ine Wormley. Mrs. Alma Ern.«t. Glen
White. Mrs. Alice Lewin, Enno Lietz,
MUSIC: Bill Pottebaum, Rev. Vance
Comer, Mrs. Rufus Gerkin. Lloyd
Bailey, Mrs. Erma Ingram, Mrs. Jes-
sie Vallow. Mrs. Louise Feather. Mrs.
Maud I QUEENS: Mrs. Nora Olden. Mrs. Marge
Boyd. Mrs. Effie Grain. Mrs. Thelma
Vallow, Gilbert Doolen, Ina Mae
Tate, Mrs. Ann Jackson, Mrs. Mary
TEEN AGE: Butch Boyd, Charles Boyd,
Carolyn Alberson, Kaye Hammer.
TEEN AGE: Butch Boyd, Charles Gray,
Ruth Rohrbough, Mr.s. Bernice Alber-
SPEAKERS PLATFORM CONSTRUC-
TION: Ivan Devor, Oran Alderson, Don
" jgerson, Fred Collett, Ed Green, Gene
;lm, Winifred Yearin, W. R. Wisher.
STREET DECORATION: R. R. Lee,
Alva Olden, Clifton LeMay, John Wm.
McCulley, John Phillips, Harry Sug-
gett, John Ilg.
RESTROOM CONSTRITCTION: Rodney
Schooley, Gene Jahraus.
AGRICULTUR^YI. EXHIBITS: Carroll
Garrett, Bill Lux. Fred Wilson. Le-
land Brasel. Merle Kline. Glen Brasel,
Bob Green, Glen Jahraus.
CONDUCTED HISTORICAL TOURS:
Mrs. Lillian Grissom, Elno Brown. Mrs.
Mildred Brown. B. J. Rotan. Harry
Dennis. Mrs. Olga Alderson. Mrs. Pearl
FiEher. Mrs. Maud Holt. Pauline Ba-
HISTORICAL HOUSES: Ray Suggett,
Mrs. Florence Franklin. Mrs. Erma
Ingram, Mrs. Ferdie Leach, Lloyd
STRAWBERRY FESTIVAL: Mrs. Lil-
lian Grissom, Emmett Gray, Fred
Kleiss, Fred Alexander, Bert Garrett,
Mrs. Olga Alderson, Mrs. Ferdie Leach.
Mis. Ruby Linton, Mrs. Ruth Doolen,
Mrs. Florence Franklin, Mrs. Alecia
White, Mrs. Lois Alderson, Mrs. Dor-
othy McCulley, Mrs. Georgia Soldner.
Mrs. Marjorie Green, Mrs. Fern Bal-
lance, Mrs. Margaret Shufeldt, Mrs.
Mildred Brown, Mrs. Bertha See, Or-
ous Leach, Virgil See, Eugene Shufeldt,
Elno Brown, Mrs. Sam Lowe. Mrs. Bert
Garrett. Mrs. Maud Holt. Mrs. Bessie
Dif5s. Mrs. Emma Ballance. Mrs. Effie
Roblj. Leland Brasel. Tom Helping-
stine. E. E. Jahraus, Harvey Hanna
and George Feather.
.. . . — . — . +
FUND RAISING ACTIVITIES
This Page Courtesy Of
MR. AND MRS. WAYNE ROBB
MRS. LURA ROBNETT
MR. AND MRS. LEWIS J. T. O'DELL
MR. AND MRS. TOM HELPINGSTINE
MR. AND MRS. GILBERT DOOLEN
F. G. ALEXANDER
MR. AND MRS. FRANK BOSLEY
W. L. GREEN
MR. AND MRS. JOHN G. PHILLIPS
F. O. GRISSOM
LILLIAN PARRILL GRISSOM
MAUDE L. PORTER
MR. AND MRS. CLYDE BALLANCE
Daily registration of visitors
9:01) a.m.-5:00 p.in.
Friday^ August 2
11:00 a.ra Crowning of Queen
1 :0n p.m.-8:00 p.m Parade
3:00 p.m.-3:15 p.m Float Awards
8-15 pni-3-30 pm Remarks. Paul Farlow, Agriculture
Agent, I. C. R.R.
3 :30 p.m.-4 :00 p.m Entertainment
7:00 p.m.-8:00 p.m Entertainment
8:15 p.m.-9:30 p.m Pageant
9:30 p.m.-12:00 p.m S(iuare Dance
SntiBrduy^ August 3
9:00 a.m.-ll:00 a.m Conducted tours of Historic places
10:00 a.m Amateur Elimination Contest
10:00 a.m Kids Program and Contest directed bj'
E. E. Jahraus
1:00 p.m Old Timers Parade on reviewing stand
Judging of Beards and Centennial Costumes
2 :00 p.m Amateur Contest
6 prizes, $50- $25- $10- $5- $5- $5-
7:00 p.m. -8:15 p.m Choir and Barber Shop Quartet Singing
Appearance 3 top winners Amateur Contest
8 :15 p.m.-9 :30 p.m Pageant
9 :30 p.m. -10 :30 p.m Fireworks
10 :30 p.m.-12 :00 p.m Dance
Sunduy^ August 4
10::>() a.m. -12:00 noon Union Service, New High School Gymnasium
Guest speaker and choir of 75 voices under tlie direction of Mrs. F. O. Grissom, Mrs.
0. I. Leach, accompanist.
(iROrP OF EAKLV KIXlMrXDIAXS
lall, Elias Xeil,
I5<irk row -Win. Un.wii. Geo. llarlai
C. T. .MiddU'lou. Joel Youiigkiii.
Second row— Ephraim Crank, Geo. Ray, C. Rohrbough. H. Herrick, B.
Blakeslee, Abe Parker.
Third row— Dave Headley, Clias. Crank, Jim Rainey, Wni. Coleman, Geo.
Seated— John Miller, John Donovan, Geo. Fenster, Joe Bargh, Jack Foster.
Last person nnidentified.
A long time ago, the Womairs Cliil) ijlaniicd a history of Kinmundy
for the Centennial and almost a yc^w agn, they asked me to take over
the job. It has been difficult, hut rewarding, aud we hope it will pre-
serve the memories of earlier days for those wlio did not experience
them, and show the changes that have occurred in the century passed.
Our deepest thanks to everyone who helped us with their scrap-books,
old pictures, memories, and other valuable material.
We have used tlie given names of everybody, married or single,
since in our town, that is the custom.
Bill Ijarimer gave us the data on real estate, Carl Dunlap did won-
ders with old photographs, including prints from some 50 year old plates
made by the late Hugh Spencer, aud Kill Se.'hrcst did the new photo-
Some material is from the History of Marion and Clinton County-
1881, Atlas of the United States, 1876, and Atlas of Marion County, 1915.
We hoi)e you'll forgive tlie mistakes and enjoy the rest.
.'■ ' [■
:\[r. Byron Kutaii has an at-
las of Illinois that was pub-
lished in 1876. Toward the
front is a map of this state in
IS'l'l. It had then been a state
four years. The southern coun-
ties that bordered on the rivers
were organized but Marion
county would not be formed
till the next year. Trails or
coach roads cross the lower
part from Vincennes to St.
Louis — from Shawneetown to
Alton. Vandalia had been
chosen .state capitol in 1819 and
would bear that title for twen-
ty years, when it would be
moved to Springfield.
As j'ou can see in the little
drawing all land above Clark
County was Indian territory.
Between the Illinois and Miss-
issippi rivers were b o u n t j'
lands to be awarded to soldiers
from the Revolution and War
of 1812. Chicago was Fort
Dearborn, and Melwakee, an
Indian camp. Kaskaskia, ori-
ginally an Indian village, a
French Mission in 1685, was
even then over 100 years old.
It was incorporated as a town
in 1725 by Louis XV, and was
the chief settlement between
the French in Canada and New
The wide territory fanning
out through Southern Illinois
was known as the American
Bottoms and there were large
])i'airies between the stretches
of woods. Our area was part
of Grand Prairie.
In 1762 the French ceded it
to the English; in 1778 the
English surrendered to George
Rogers Clark, and it hccanie part of Virginia, and that state ceded
it to the United States in 17s4. After being part of the Nortliwest
Territory, it was created the 22nd state in the Union by an act of
Congress on April 18, 1818. Kaskaskia was the .seat of the first
civil govcrinuent in Illinois.
Marion county was organized on Janiuiry 24, 1823, and nam-
ed after General Miirion, the Swamp Fox, famous in Revolution-
ary War. Its sL'ltlcis came from Tennessee, Georgia, the Carolinas,
N'iVginia and rtiins\ l\ aina and were prote.stants in contrast to the
French Catholics ol Ka-kaskia. The first land entered in the conn
ty was the west half of the southeast (piarter, section 9, T2N, R2E
which would be near Texas Corner. It was entered by non-resi-
dents, Smith, Lee and Lambert on Dec. 8, 1819. Between tliis date
and January 2:i, 182:], one thousand-forty acres were entered in four
different townships, however ninety five, of the one hundred fami-
lies in the county, remained squatters, whose average possessions
were worth about $27 per person. Scarcely any land was entered
between 1823 and 1836.
The first census was taken in 1825 and showed 557 persons,
104 were heads of families, five of these being widows. There were
117 voters. Of the 557, there were 273 white males, 282 white fe-
males, 1 colored nude slave and 1 colored female slave. Hardy
Foster, who founded Fosterburg on the old Post Road and for
whom Foster township was named, was listed in the census, and al-
so John Nichols who seems to have been the first to settle near the
Kinmundy townsite, according to the History of Marion and Clin-
ton County. He later moved to Meacham. Another list shows Ar-
nolds and Jones in Foster township in 1823.
In 1826 Henry Howell from Tennessee settled on Howell's
branch. He raised a large family ; some of his descendeuts still live
in this area. Moses Garrett who was born in 1805 and Hannah
Morris, born 1811, were married in Georgia, and also came to Illi-
nois in 1826. He drove a team of oxen and she rode horseback,
with her baby in her arms. They settled in section 10, Foster town-
ship and had 9 children.
It is said that Sandy Branch is one of the oldest cemeteries in
this area and that it dates back before Illinois was a state. That site
was one of the earliest settled and some say it would have been a
town, if the railroad had not passed it by, both to the east and to
the west. Daniel Doolen Sr., who was born in Ireland in 1765,
married Mary Bridges in Georgia, moved to Kentucky, had 9 chil-
dren and died. His widow and sous, Jesse and Dan Junior, came
to Illinois and settled near Fosterburg, about 1830. Northwest of
Kinmundy is the Shanghai district and in its cemetery are men who
fought in the Mexican war. One of these is Eli Robb, ancestor of
numerous Robbs, and Fishers. He died in 1854.
To the east in Meacham, Mt. Liberty was a Post Office in
1840 tho it was generally called Cracker's Neck. (Who knows why?)
H. Gibson was the postmaster and also kept a general store. Across
the road was another store run by H. Rockhold. After the railroad
was built the postoffice was moved to Kinmundy.
Others in Meacham were the Dillons; George, born in 1808
and his wife, Sally McKee, who came from Kentucky. The earliest
land grant to that family was Oct. 10, 1840. Their second son, Isaiah
Tevis, who served in the Civil War, and wife, Sara Wilson lived
to celebrate their golden wedding in 1905. They moved to Kin-
mundy when they retired.
Also to the east was the Cockrell settlement in the lS40s and
the Scrutehfields at Miletus in 1835. Near Omega was Capt. Eld-
ers store before he and his family became early settlers of Kin-
James K. Craig was born in Kentucky in 1824 and came to
this area in 1836. His father and mother were John aiul Savilla
Craig, and Savilla was the sister of Nancy Hanks, who
was Abraham Lincoln's mother. James K. and wife
settled southeast of Kinmiindy, on what is now the
Kline farm. They had 8 children, the youngest, John
E. was the father of Bula Craig of Kinmundy.
Robert Pruett entered the laud west of the pre-
sent Illinois Central reservoir, east half, iiortheast
quarter of section 28 in 1839. His wife was .Miin-i'va
See of Mason County, Virginia (now W. X'ir-inia) and
she wrote her mother about the fine haul availahli' for
.$1.25 per acre, so the See and Sliclt.ni family came too.
They are said to have plowed cnni li-lit through what
is now the tovni site. Samuel Kolih also entered land
just southwest of the present town, jirobably about the
same time tho the dates are not shown ni the entr\
l)()()k in llie eoiu'tlioiis.' It is said Ili.it his house was
Thi^ li said LO have betn Uil lust huust m Kinniundj, Ihough
it .slued 1101 th of the town pint about a block south of the old
ily saw the Headley family arrive, driving their team
of oxen. One ox was white which was very unusual.
In 1828 three Gray brothers came from Tennessee,
James, Joseph and William. James settled on section
10 acquired more land in section 15 and other sections.
He was the first J. P. in the township and filled that
position till his death in 1835. This farm was known
as the Harvey Gray place and was the scene of many
wiener roasts in the 1910-20 era, when it was occupied
by Luther Davis family. It is now the property of
Lewis O'Dell, principal of Alma-Kinmimdy High
School. Sons of James Gray were James Harvey and
Isaac D. both married Hanna girls. The Robert Han-
na family went to Kentucky from South Carolina in
1820 and in 1848 came to Marion County. The young-
est son, David was the grandfather of Dr. Dwight
Hanna who is president of the Centennial board. A des-
cendant of Isaac and Dovey Elizabeth Gray is Jesse
George, also of •■.■ntcnnial board.
In 1828 Aimer Stewart, another Teunesseean, built
a cabin on land which is now part of the town of Kin-
mundy. He entered the second tract of land in Kin-
mundy township on Dec. 21, 1839, west half of the
northeast quarter of section 22 or from route 37 north
to and including Harvey Hanna 's farm, and from the
C&El to Monroe Street. He had eight children but
they all moved away.
Isaac Eagan came from Tennessee with James
Gray_inJ.S28^ He drove a stage for a while^
Quarried and bought a farm on Feb. 13, 1837
which was the first land entered in the
township. He bought more land, some be-
ing the Stewart tract in section 22. For a
while he operated the horse mill started by
Stewart. He had eight children and in the
Illinois State gazetteer and bu.siuess direc-
tory lor 1864-65 Marion county lists 12 or-
ganized townships, one called Eagan. W.
B. Eagan, the oldest son, built the first house
in the original plat of Kinmundy, and ran a
stoi'e there. The original Eagan homestead
was out in the Stewart tract east of the C&
El and across from the cemetery, and the
Eagans ran a store there before the town
was laid out. Isaac died in the old home in
1873. The i)lace was still standing until the
C&EI railroad was built. Hugh Eagan from
Tennessee spent 1829 with Gray but moved
Other early entries near town are part
of seetion 27 by Charles Floyd Jones in 1852,
(ieor^c Eheuger also in section 27 in 1853,
Chester C. Ford in section 22 in 1856, and
Capt. Wm. T. Sprouse, the part just below
the town in 1860. One of the largest land
owners was Isaac Eagan, who held nearly
all that adjoining the townsite.
An other early entry was made by
Wiley Burton in section 28, March 1, 1839
and there were doubtless many other set-
tlers whose names were not encovmtered in
compiling this book. It does not appear
just liow the transfer was made when the
Illinois Central was given the land grant, but
the site of the present town was sold by the
1. C. to John Blurton on June 23, 1853 and
he sold it to Wm. T. Sprouse in March, 1857.
Sprouse then laid out the original 15 block
plat on April 10, 1857.
On Sept. 20, 1850 President Millard
Filmore signed the bill making the first
grant of public lands to help construct a
railroad. The land in Illinois was fertile
and had fine prairies and timber lands but
except near the rivers it was sparsely popu-
lated. There were few roads and no waj' of
marketing your crops after you raised them.
Some older people today remember hearing
their grandparents tell of hauling grain to
St. Louis by wagon.
This land grant bill gave the State of
Illinois certain areas of government land to
be sold, and the money to be used to build
a railroad. This land was to revert to the
government if a railway was not started
within 2 years, and finished within 10 years,
of the enactment of the bill. Word of this
was sent by the new invention, the tele-
graph. The state of Illinois lost no time in
turning this land over to the Illinois Cen-
tral Company, who set about building the
railway. Much difficulty was encountered
hut the main line was completed in 1855.
It reached from Freeport to Cairo. Tlie Chi-
cago Branch had been started to connect Cliicauo
with Centralia and on September 27, 1856, those
building from the north, met those from the south
at the site of the present town of Mason. This
was named in honor of Col. Roswell B. Mason
who had been in charge of the work since its in-
.■cptiou. This completed the "Charter Lines" of
tlie railway, uuiking 705'- miles of railway reach-
ing from buuleith on the IMissi.ssippi west of Ga
lena, to Cairo where the Ohio & Mississippi meet
and from Chicago to Centralia where the branch
joined the main line on to Cairo. This wa.s the
longest railroad in the world at that time. At the
same time the railroad was being built, the Illi-
nois Central Telegraph Co. was formed and its
lines ran along the rail lines, dispatching the
trains and making communication possible be-
tAveeii the settlements.
Stations were made every few miles so that
all areas would be able to ship their produce
north to Chicago, or south to the Mississippi and
then on to New Orleans and world markets. These
stations were named for railroad officials and oth-
er i)ersons. Kinmundy was named for the home-
town in Scotland, of one of the London represent-
atives of the I. C. It is supposed to have original-
ly been Kilmundy, and in the 1S68 Guide book
l)ut out by the railway is spelled that way in
some instances. It is the only town in the United
States to have the name.
On June 23, 1853 John Blurton purchased
from the I. C. R. R. the north half of the south-
east quarter of section 22, town 4 north, range 3
east. On March 1, 1957, William Sprouse pur-
chased the tract from Blurton, and on April 10
of that year, platted the original town of Kin-
fliis contained 15 blocks and extended from
First Street now Highway 37, south to 4th street
and from Washington street on the east to '-
block west of ilonroe street on the west. These
were divided into 169 blocks. The first pur-
chaser was Jerrv Bissonnet who bought on July
1, 1857 lots 123, 124, 163, 164 and 165. Nothing
further is mentioned about him. whether he built
(u- not. On Jidy 14, Lorenzo Hart bought lot 137.
He was the second merchant to settle on the west
side of the railroad. He had had a store in a
building built by Willis Wilburn on the east side,
south of the town plat in 1855. C. Spafford op-
ened a restaurant on the west side and later a
general store in connection. His name is not on
the original plat so perhaps Avas below it.
Then in October, W. B. Eagan with Samuel
and Augustus Bond bought lots 119, 125, 126, 127.
and 128. On lot 119 he built what is listed as the
first building in the new town. It was house,
general store and post office as he was the first
postmaster. The house now occupied by Miss Luel-
la Parrill is built around the original building.
Willis Willborn bought lot 133 at the same
time. He is credited with keeping the first hotel
but it was probably in a building south of the
townsite. Other purchases in 1857 were lots 144,
145 146 and 147 by Chase, Goodwin, Jackson and
llalsted in November; and lots 148 and 149 by
•lames Nevils, and 151, 152 by Lorenzo and John
.\llmon, 162 by W. C. Mitchell, these later ones in
1858 saw manv purchases — Jan. 27, lot 15t)
to ('has. A. Montross, Feb. 1. lot 161 to W. B.
Ka-.m. M.nvl, 111. jot ir,4 t.i Canada Allmon. In
Thomas Bagott's store which he started after work-
ing for D. C. Moore, an early Kimnundy merchant. They
both came from Cincinnati. The store stood about where
the Mahan & Motch Grocery is now.
Jiuie of that vear James W. Booth bought lots 1,
4, 37, 43, 46, 49, 56, 62, 89, 101, 103, 113, 120, 166,
167, and 168. D. P. Snelling bought part of lot 2,
he later in 1866, opened his own addition, and
built the big house ou the hill where Suggetts now
live. George Watson bought part of many lots, 35,
36, 39, 42, 50, 57, 59, 69, 93, 105, & 141. John F.
Barnard bought parts of lots 5, 16, 41, 44, 53, 90.
94, 97. 102, 107, 138, 139, and 142. John Tuder
lot 158 and Geo. P. Hull lots 159-160 in July. Wes-
ley Rockhold bought lot 121 in October and that
finished the season for the year.
In 1859 Wm. Willard purchased lot 153, Jan.
5, and Chas. Montross lot 169 Jan. 25. April 12,
lot 154 to L. S. Hart, Jiuie 6 lot 138 to same man.
Also on June 6 Preslev Wilborn bought lots 134-
5-6. and Ed Stiles, lot 99. On Aug. 24, lot 140
was sold to John Robb. and on Oct. 4, lot 143 to
Isaac and Thos. Sweney. On Oct. 10, lot 67 to J F.
Barnard and Georgia Watson Cormick: Oct. 29 to the
Watson estate and Elias Ferguson, lots 129-30-31-32, B.
F. Fallon lot 39; on Nov. 12, lots 113-118 to Mary Locke,
and the last for that year — lot 15 to Clinton and James
Wolfe on Dec. 7.
There were only 3 lots sold in 1860, lot 18 to John
Moon on Jan. 2, lot 96 to Simeon Bishop on Jan. 19 and
lot 14 to James Wolf on Feb. 23. In May, 1860, Sprouse
bought the tract adjoining the town plat to the south,
and later sub-divided it.
1861 saw the beginning of the Civil War and there
were few lots sold that year; lot 19 to John Moon on
July 31, and on the same day '- lot 95 to J. R. Smith;
lots 115-116 to W. B. Eagan on Aug. 3.
Abner Bernanl, station agcjit, and HaiT\ llollisicr in trdiit ot the old l.C.
depot. This plioto was taken in llie 90>,. The I.C. fast mail made its first tri]j
July 11, 1890.
This ere-H on the handcar is not identified. They are photograi^hed in front of
the old ( \.K\ stalion In ls')s— daily smitldiound G:r>8 a.m., 5:0') p.m.—
northbound Id 'id a in 4 4'_' ])m
This page courtesy
* " " .ty
■ Kinmiindy Finns
B. F. LINTON FUNERAL IIO]ME
ALEXANDER'S GULF SERVICE
Ill 1861.' Tihiian Raser bought tlie other half
of lot 95. He was a nuiu who would be very ac-
tive ill the new towu. lu 1863 Abram Elder
bought lot 108.
lu 1864, April 25, lot 100 to James Kevins;
.May 23, lot 91 ^o Frederic Emmet; June 10 the
Trustees of the ]\Iethodist Church bought one
third of lot 59 and that is where the church still
stands; Oct. 13, lot 102 to A. J. Swan and lot 104
to F. 11. Green. Nov. 27, lots 69 and 70 to Matison
P. Tilden, and lots 77, 78 to Bayard Chalfant,
al.so lot 52 to 1). C. Moore; ou Nov. 28, lot 105 to
The Civil War ended in April 1865 and peo-
ple began to come home from the front and oth-
ers to move west and north. On Jan. 28, Mary
Eagan bought lots 109, 110; Feb. 2, lot 141 to
Henry Eagan; on Jidy 5, Thomas and Washing-
ton CuUey purchased lots 87 ^umI '^>. Auu. 5. lot
56 to John JSteinmaii and Geo. l^Lirr: Aul;. 18, 117
to W. B. Eagan, 122 to Wcslry liorkliukl, and
lot 51 to David C. Moore; Aug. 25, lot 64 to Mar-
tin Beaver; Nov. 18, lot 13 to J. 0. Dumoud; Nov.
22, lot 84 to James Barrett, lot 85 to John Stein-
man; Nov. 23, lot 71 to William Becker and lot
50 to Moses Fi-euch. Ou Dec. 28, Munger and
Moore bought lot 83.
lu 1866 ou Jan. 2, lot 44 to Claris Grotl;
Feb. 12, lot 81 to Charley Misselbrook; Feb. 17,
lot 42 to James H. Gray, Sr. ; March 16, lot 41
to Isaac D. Gray; March 19, lot 61 to C. B. Hol-
lister; April 9, lots 106 aud 107 to A. C. Elder;
April 16, lot 3 to Michael Hoar and lot 114 to
L. D. Allmon; June 22, lot 72 to Edward Free-
man, lot 80 to J. C. Haw^orth, aud lot 82 to Mary
A. Valentiue; July 10, lot 98 to Christopher
Houts; Oct. 27, lot 93 to Stoddard Russel; Nov.
23, lot 94 to Tillman Raser ; Dec. 6, lot 68 to Nel-
son Graves and H. C. Fi-eemau; and ou Dec. 13,
lot 97 to Tillmau Raser.
lii 1867 Chas. Montross bought lots 73, 74,
75, aud 76 ou Jan. 3; lot 45 to Claus Grott on
Jan. 5;Jau. 16, lots 7 and 8 to Rob't. Sprouse;
lots 9 and 10 to Sam'l McCloud; lots 11 and 12
to Amos Jackson and lot 79 to James Barratt.
On April 2, lot 34 to Joshua Goodwin aud lot 37
to Ed. Herrick. Ou May 8, lot 60 to David W.
Johnson; on July 24, lot 48 to Mattie Kepley;
on Oct. 23, lot 57 to Henry Hall, lot 157 to J. W.
Howard and Franklin Russell, and on Oct 30, lot
23 to Thos. H. Parker and lot 55 to Anna Marie
In 1868 only three lots w^ere sold, lot 47 to
;Mary Ann Valentine iu Feb. 19 ; lot 24 to Wilber
Deuel on Aug 29 ; and lot 22 to Fanny Miselbrook
ou Dec. 8.
In 1869, June 29, AVashiugton Culley bought
lots 5 and 6, and John B. Elder bought lots 111
and 112; on Sept 20, lots 29 and 30 to Martha
Hart, lot 31 to James M. Kenton, and lots 32 and
33 to Geo. L. Brenner.
Only 2 lots were sold in 1870, lots 27 and 28
to Isaac Eagan, and in 1871 the last 2 lots of the
original townsite were sold, lot 57 to Ed. Ilerriek
ana Henry Hall and lot 58 to J. F. Barnard, both
sold ou April 14.
Meanwhile other subdivisions were being
opened on all sides, Sprouse to the south, Good-
win to the east, Eagan to the uortli, aud Snelling
to the southwest. On Fremont street iu Snelling
atuiition were some or the early homes, Snelliug,
ihrane, .\elson, Porter, and I^Veuch. The Frencli
laiiiily are ilie only ones of the origiuai settlers
w no still live there.
In the early days before transportation be-
came so swift, a small towu had to be pretty
much self sufiicieut. i'iiere were millls, bakeries,
uarrei and basket factories, banks, mines, brick-
yards aud casKct makers. Early bakers were Bill
v.awrey and Clias. Swander. i'he Ross brothers
uaa me iirst bread mixing machine, about 191U
HI iiie Duuamg where the Express now is. The last
oaKery here was Euer Zimmer's, where Grain's
eaie IS now.
i\icCreary and Monger had a baukuig busi-
ness lu 1S6(, and T. \V. Haymond & Co. bank
was organized Jan. 1870. Tilmau Raser, presi-
dent. In 1899 the Merchants & ilechanics Bank
was established and later became the Haymond
.-^tate Bank. R. P. .ucBryde had a small private
uanK but went with the J^lrst National as cashier,
wlien it was organized in 1902. Capt. Rohrbough
was first president, iu 1906, Henry Warren &
►Sons started a private bauk, later changed to
i-armer's & Merchant's Bauk. The Building &
Loan Co. was organized Aug. 12, 1887.
A brickyard was started by Jonathan Walls
in lti91; the Kinmundy creamery began opera-
tion Dec. 23, 1892. The Coal mine was organized
m I'eb. 188-t with $12,000 capital, and iu April
Zard l<'rost contracted to sink the shaft. The en-
gine house burned in Feb. 1886, but on March
2b, "the diamond drill strikes coal" said the Ex-
press. This was a shallow vein but on June 3 they
struck a vein 5 ft. thick at a depth of 867 ft. aud
the Express got out a special edition. About 1900
operations became too costly aud it was aban-
When the city hall burned in 1903 it was
thought that all city records were lost but this
year the council found the minutes of the first
meetings, from the time of organization ou April
10, 1867 to June 17, 1874. This book, written iu
several Spenceriau hands, provided much infor-
mation. It gives a picture of a small community,
building board walks and plank roads to get up
out of the mud, making fire prevention law.s-,
building a jail, and in general having all the
struggles that city councils have.
From the first there was a battle between
the temperance group and those who favored sa-
loons. We have handbills advertising huge tem-
perance meetings sponsored b.y Royal Templars
of Temperance, and one time, a lady took her
hatchet, like Carrie Nation, and went down and
DOL Snmh t.dking to Clav Ue\ore in the buggy This is in iront ol Smith's office which
still stanch on West Thud stieet Looks like Jim Posey m the backgiound The othei man ls not
This was the old Eagan homestead, where Isaac Eagan died in 1873, and where a store was
kept before the town of Kinmundy was platted. This photo shows the last reunion of the family
before the house was torn down to make way for the C.&E.I. raih-oad. W. B. and wife are seated
Compliincnts of tlicso Salom Merchants
ILLINOIS BROKERAGE PETE'S PAINT SHOP
VURSELL'S IGA BRACY FOOD STORE THE KROGER CO.
wrecked a saloon. Histories tell us that drinking
was a great problem in the middle west in pion-
eer days. There was an attempt every year to
vote the town dry but it didn't really make it
till about 1908, and since then licinor lieen.ses
have not been issued.
On April 10, 1867, just ten years after the
town had been i)latted the eity coimcil met to
organize. The oath of office was administered by
Tilman Baser, a Justice of the Peace, in and for
tiie County of JMarion and the State of Illinois,
to the following officers: W. R. Hubbard, Mayor;
U. M. Humble, City Clerk; A. R. Swan, City
Marshal; Robert Nevins, Street Commissioner;
Alderman for 1st w-ard, Clinton Wolf and I. C.
Haworth; for 2nd ward, T. 0. Hatton and Til-
nuin Kaser; for 8rd ward, I. S. Sweney and C. H.
Mungcr, and for 4th ward, W. B. Eagan and
W. T. Sprouse. A seal w-ith the words "City of
Kinmundy" and "Incorporated March 26, 1867"
on it was ordered. It was voted that all ordi-
nances of the old town which M-ere consistent
with tlie city charter should remain in effect un-
til revised or repealed.
On April 13 the council met at Tilman Ra-
ser's office, appointed committees, passed ordi-
nances concerning tie votes, and bonds of city
officers. The mayor suggested that a map or
chart of the eity be drawn and street corners es-
tablished. Stated meetings were to be held on
the first Monday of each month, and ordinances
were to be published or posted, whichever was
deemed best. On April 22, C. H. Mimger was
elected City treasurer. They proceeded to meet
very week for some time and the most frequent
business to be considered was building streets
and sidewalks, luisanitary conditions of streets
and alley.s, the licensing of places where liquor
was sold, animals running at large in the city,
and boys jumping on and off moving trains. A
frequent expense was paying for the removal ot
dead hogs. No wonder Dr. Skilling called atten-
tion to the unsanitary conditions, this was refer-
red to the Committee on Health.
On May 27 the financial report of W. C.
Dorris, (town treasurer) was accepted and he
turned over to the city $759.63. On May 31, Aid.
Raser presented a resolution that the Mayor ap-
point a committee to "investigate and inquire
into the propriety of erecting a city prison." The
mayor agreed and appointed Sprouse, Haworth
On Jiuie 17 the council voted $3 each to 4
special policemen for their work on the day of
the circus, June 13. The resolution to build a eity
jail carried and a committee was appointed to
deal with specifications and contracts. It was also
voted to pay Aid. Raser $36 for the year for the
use of his office and furniture as a council, meet-
ing place. Madison street was to be graded from
the south side of Second st. to the north side of
On June 21 the committee on the jail was
authorized to negotiate for a lot. On July 8 Aid.
Raser reports lot purchased and negotiations with
Wm. Fuqua to build. At a special mcotiiii;- on
Aug. 12, Aid. Raser presented a bill for $100, for
the lot for city jail, which Avas i)aid. A resolu-
tion was pas.sed to enclose the jail grounds with
a suitable fence. On Sept. 6, Wm. Fuciua i)rc-
sented his bill for building the jail, .$39r).00, jdus
$36.08 for extras. W. M. Motch presented an or-
der for $18.00 in favor of James Haworth for
painting the jail. The marshal was instructed to
get a table and two chairs for the use of the
marshal at the city jail. The council minutes do
not give the lot's location, so we do not know
where the first jail was situated. Raser was )i<)t
the first owner of lot 144 where the "calaboose"
In November a petition was offered asking
for a sidewalk on the south .side of Third street
between Monroe and Madison. D. P. Snelling pe-
titioned a sidewalk on Fremont street and citi-
zens of the second ward wanted one on First
street. These sidewalks were, according to one
set of specifications, "good lumber not less than
1" thick, laid on 3 stringers not less than 2"x4".
walks to be 4' wide." The druggists were pray-
ing for the repeal of the druggist's license and
3 liquor licenses were issued.
In December they were ordering sidewalks
on east side of Monroe from First to Third street,
and south side of Third from Madison to Monroe.
In January the street commissioner reported
names and number of days delinquent on labor
on streets and it totaled 100 days. Only those who
worked the required number of days on the
streets were allowed to vote. On March 7, 1868,
L. B. French presented a bill for $5 for 2 tubs for
the jail. The eity assessor presented his bill of
$12.50 for taking census. A motion was made to
publish the reports of the council, treasurer's re-
port and census in the Kinmundy Telegram. May-
or issues proclamation of city election to be the
2nd Monday in April 1868.
On April 6 the bids for laying street cross-
ings were opened and John B. King, who bid
19e per foot, was awarded the job. April 20, 1868
— election results: I. S. Sweney, mayor; Mont-
gomery Wilson, treas. ; U. M. Ilmnble, clerk ; J. L.
Smith, marshal ; Robt. Nevins, street comm. ; John
Robb, surveyor; H. H. Chesley, assessor; alder-
men, D. C. Moore, H. R. Hale, B. Freeman and
W. R. Hubbard. They wanted the I. C. R.R. to
make a crossing on First street and change the
Third street crossing to accommodate Jefferson,
too. In June they passed an ordinance regarding
shade ti'ees and it seems that you could plant
trees instead of working on the streets. (These
are the trees that have about reached their prime
and are breaking down all over town.)
In the following months they tried in vain
to open Van Buren street. (Where it was we
don't know but from the map it might have been
the allev between the Christian church and Arno
:\Iiller's. That was the boundary of the original
plat.) They spent $4.60 for stars for the police-
men to wear, these must have been the special
police for 4th of July and Circus day. They fenc-
Background shows old Cooperage Building.
diuK at. (.'.itE.l. railroad.
Compliments of BACHMANX'S PURNITURE STORE— Salem.
Leander Matthews pays off an election Ijct by wlieeling Dr. Clause around the block
when Bryan was defeated in 1896.
Compliments A. C. DUNLAP & SON, Kinmundy
ed the jail, built wells, euinplaiiicd to the I. ('.
K.R. about the north-bound freight bloeking the
crossing. Thii-ty citizens petitioned for an elec-
tion to vote on the question of subscribing for
$r)0,000 worth of stock in the proposed Kiniuun-
dy & Pana railroad.
Ill 1869, N. H. Hubbard, mayor. There were
l)etitions for gravel crossings; to open Sycamore
from Monroe to Madison; make a sidewalk on the
east side of Madison from 2nd to ;]rd ; and always
the problem of cattle and hogs as well as dogs
nnining at large. Tilmau Raser agreed to be city
attorney and represent the city in all except the
supreme courts, for .i;100 per annum. The prop-
erty owners of Madison street requested that it
be graded and macadamized from 2nd to West
In 1S70, 1. S. Sweney, mayor, they hired a
night watch for ^U) per month. They accepted
the deed from the cemetery trustees and voted
$50 for imprrovemeiits, later they recorded the
deed, surveyed and platted it and had deeds for
the lots printed. They voted to allow permanent
residents to sell lemonade, ice cream and soda
water on the 4tli of July, for payment of clerks'
fees only. The finance committee was to have
control of who should erect stands on the
grounds where the celebration was held. They
voted to dig a good deep well at the corner of
2nd and Madison and furui.sh it with a pump and
good substantial cover.
In 1871, Haworth mayor, they got costs for
building a bridge over the railroad at 2nd street.
Tiiey moved that the cemetery committee should
buy a bier and other articles necessary to bury
the dead. Appointed a special committee to con-
fer about buying Shelton's grove for a city park.
The mayor "called attention to the approaching
national anniversary", appointed a committee to
license ice cream and other stands on the grounds
and instructed the marshal to see that there were
no stands on the city streets. On Aug. 7, the fi-
nance committee showed a balance of $27.95 after
defraying the costs of celebration and moved to
hold it for future celebrations.
More petitions for sidewalks ; a well built by
D. C. Moore opposite his property on 3rd street
(this should be the one in the picture on page
20). They rented a lot to build a city pound.
(This was for all stray animals and later Capt.
Reno was sued for breaking in and recovering
his animals). A resolution to license a bowling
alley at $5 per year was decided out of order.
Wetter asked permission to move his saloon to
new brick building on corner of 2nd and Madison.
In 1872, D. C. Moore, mayor, but resigned
and was succeeded by E. Freeman. Petition for
sidewalk to extend to M.E. Church south, on Ad-
In 1873, Mayor Haworth. Ordinance passed
Ucen.sing groceries. Extra land was purchased for
cemetery; resolution to purchase new pump for
public well, paint the fence around it, and clean
the yard for "as little expense as possible." Gro-
ceries petitioned against heavy taxes. Street com-
missioner was instructed to work out all who have
not paid or worked, within the next 30 days.
In 1874, G. M. Souger, mayor. Opening of
South street was referred to committee. Resolu-
tion that the board "should pledge united and
individual influence against selling or giving
away of intoxicating liquor to minors or habitual
drunkards." The city to spend not more than
$300 on repairing and building sidewalks. Aid.
Raser moves to procure lamp posts and lamps
before fall and they vote to procure not more
than 10 street lamps, provided they cost not more
than $10 each erected. This is the la.st entry in
the minutes of the book recording the first meet-
ings of the Kinmundy City Council.
The Illinois Central Directory for 1868
writes very glowingly of Kinmundy. (It still had
lots of land to sell in the vicinity for from $7 to
$13 per acre.) The following people advertised in
the book so we have their names : N. S. Hubbard,
American Express and I. C. R.R., H. H. Chesley
and Tilman Raser, attorneys; C. Miselbrook, bar-
ber; B. Chalfant, blacksmith; W. Graves, carpen-
ter; Scott Shrigley, dentist; (full sets of teeth,
$10) ; J. O. Hatton and Price & Denby, druggists;
W. B. Eagan, A. C. Elder, John Brenner, Rohr-
bougli & iloore, Solomon & Co., C. Spafford,
Wilson & Elder, dry goods and general merchan-
Capt. Reno and Songer Bros., flouring mills ;
Herrick & Hall, W. A. Howell, Hume & King,
Geo. K. Jenkins, J. H. Landrum, groceries; W. B.
Eagan, D. C. Moore, hardware; E. Eagan, hotel
(.$2 per day) ; J. H. Robb, J. P.; W. Culley, livery
stable; C. A. Moutross, lumber; Miss M. M. Hart,
Mrs. A. Parker, Mrs. J. R. Smith, Songer & Lee-
ver, millinery; E. Freeman, house and sign paint-
er; T. W. Forshee, J. M. Fox, U. M. Humble,
L. D. Skilling, physicians; J. C. Haworth, saddles
& harness; A. W. 'Bryant, Kinmuudy Tele-
gram; Pat Mullins, H. H. Robertson aud C. Wet-
John Coleman and Wiiuiie James, shoemak-
ers; E. Mendenhall, stationery; wagon & carriage
makers, William Becker, J. C. Moon, and F. Sei-
ser. Besides these, they say, there are sawmills,
tobacco factory, woolen factory, sorghum mills,
cabinet makers and coopers, and more than 50
homes were erected iu 1867.
The Kinmundy Independent for 1876 has ads
for : Geo. Craig aud S. VanAruam, shoemakers ;
Dan Lovell, barber; Eagan & Porter, livery sta-
ble; Mrs. V. A. Brown, dressmaking & tailoring;
B. Blakeslee, plows & cultivators; Songer Bros.,
flour; Edward Freeman, real estate, newspaper;
Wm. R. Fish, Kinmundy market; Spring & Ree-
der, hardware, tinware, etc. ; J. H. Gray and
W. C. Squier, hotels; Dr. W. 0. Smith and E. G.
Forshee, M.D.; J. F. Donovan, B. B. Smith, at-
torneys; Wilson & Boothes, McBryde's gen.
mdse. ; HoUister's drugs, Simpson's groceries.
jj ' ^
The Mendenhall Evaporator was started on Jul.y 4, la9U, and in 1»91 F. A.
Pruett started one. In those days before freezers, drying fruit was a big busi-
ness. Frost's Lumber yard in the background. These both burned in the 90s.
The IMendenhall family and em])loyees are shown.
This is the intei-iui- (
William (Jolenuni. n
hall, bov not identifi
iiv oil .h-d street about 1898. Seated are
Alii' Smiucr. Standing, ToUev Menden-
Miul Fred Killie.
This page compliments of
TED HOLS APPLE BODY SHOP. Salem, Hi.
The Kinmuiidy Express got out a spoeial
Cliristmas edition in 1889, witli a glowiug Avord
nieture of Kinmundy and drawings and short
biographies of prominent citizens. We have space
to list them and birthplace, only: Geo West, from
I'liiladelpliia, farmer; James C. Haworth, mer-
cliant. lud. ; James H. Gray, farmer, Tenn. ; Mrs.
Klizabeth Boothe Gray, Ind.; Thos. Williams,
farmer, Tenn.; Giles Songer, mill, Ind.; John M.
Kotan, Tenu., real estate; A. W. Songer, miller,
(May CO.; 0. N. Tyner, photos. Dr. E. G. Forshee,
Ohio; J. F. Donovan, mayor, New York city;
J. P. McBrydc, merchant, Ala.; J. M. Brenner
Bavaria, lumber yard; S. J. Allen, A. M. Allen,
carpenters, Ohio; W. L. King, merchant, Ohio;
Rev. W. T. Brannum, M.E. Church, St. Clair co. ;
(i. W. Gillinore, merchant, Ky. ; M. Deiwert, mer-
cliant, Effingham co.; Dr. Charles Dennis, den-
tist, Ohio; J. F. Croft, boot & shoemaker, Eng-
hind; R. F. Lawson, editor; Chas. Ryan, New
York, livery man; S. M. Stokely, Pa., salesman,
uiachinist; Mrs. M. R. Lawwill, hay prc^js; Dr.
W. O. Smith, lud.; J. N. Street, Montgomery co..
School Supt. ; F. A. Pruett, Anna Chalfant, Katie
(jrove, Mrs. A. E. Whittaker, teachers;
E. S. Mendenhall, England, nursery; J. Nel-
son, watchmaker, Denmark; P. 0. Thrane, tailor,
Denmark; G. Fenster, restaurant, Germany; Miss
M. A. Songer, merchant, Marion co. ; H. F. Green,
Ohio, druggist; W. M. Chapman, grocer, Marion
CO.; Mrs. M. E. Hollister, Wayne co., druggist;
E. C. Bargh, druggist ; D. Gunn, Richview, gro-
cer ; C. H. West, farmer, Ind. ; Dr. J. D. Camerer,
Edgar co. ; Rev. J. D. Brown, Ind., M.E. Church
south ; J. G. Wilson, Scotland, Supt. coal mine.
A clipping in an old scrapbook tells of the
discovery of natural gas about 50 years ago G
miles west of Kinmundy on the farm of Sauuicl
Holt. He was drilling for water with a steam drill
Mild at 83 feet the water began to bubble and
boil. When they discovered what caused tliis
the family decided to use it for cooking and
lighting. Mr. Holt said he had found the same
tiling when he dug his well 30 years before but
didn't know what to do with the gas. In spite of
much exploration in this area no oil boom has de-
veloped here but the big field near Salem gave
Kinmundy the lift it needed after the depression.
New people came to live here and have helped
much in the town's life.
The .small towns of today are suburbs of the
nearest large town or city. They have their
schools and churches, their groceries and general
stores, their drug stores, post office and filling
stations just as the shopping centers in the cities.
There is no need for the clothing stores and other
businesses which were important when towns
were isolated and self sufficient. Since the closing
of the mine, Kinmundy depends on agriculture
and not on industry. Larger factories elsewhere
iiow make the baskets for the fruit so there are
no basket factories or cooperages.
There are pleasant humcs, lovely gardens,
and friendly people. All aioiiinl us are pro.sperous
farms and beautiful eomitiysidr. New homes are
being built and old ones ifiiiiideled and in tliis
Centennial year we can be pleased and i)roud of
tiie only Kinmundy in the U.S.A.
In an old scrap book we found obituaries of
cai'ly citizens who should be mentioned, since
they were unusual peoi^le and since they left no
descendants to remember them. Dr. A. J. G. Hall
Wily born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1819 and
died in Kinmundy April 1, 1909. He was gradu-
ated from the Medical College of Bochas, Ger-
man}', and spoke seven languages. He came to
the United States in 18-49 and married Julia
Gould in Washington Territory in 1865. They
came to Kinmundy in 1869. Mrs. Hall was born
in London and went on the stage at the age of
five. She was a pupil of Balfe and appeared in
his "Bohemian Girl" and other operas. After
(;oming to this country, she made three trips to
tlie west coast, appearing on the stage in the
early days of California. She taught music and
painting in Kinmxmdy and there are still paint-
ings around that were done under her instruc-
tion. Mrs. Hall died at 68 but Dr. Hall lived to
be almost 90.
Also, Mr. W. H. Brewer, who always car-
ried the flag in the Decoration Day parade be-
cause he was six feet seven inches tall. He was
born in 1841 in Bear Creek, Alabama, and came
to a farm near Eastland cemetery southwest of
Kinmundy, shortly after the close of the Civil
War. Later he moved to the last house on East
Fourth street, in Kiummidy, where he lived many
years. He died in Biloxi, Mississippi, at the age
of 9'J, and was buried in Eastland cemetery which
he had helped to foimd.
In an old part of the cemetery near the
graves of Col. Booth and Capt. Sprouse is a grave
with a plain headstone, and the inscription reads,
Enuis Taylor, Hampshire Co. Virginia. A confed-
erate soldier. This was for a long time Kinmun-
dy "s unknown soldier.
The story goes that during the Civil war a
prison train stopped in Kinmundy on its way to
exchange prisoners, and one young lad, Avho had
died en route, was buried hastily in a shallow
grave by the tracks. Isaac Eagan, discovering
this, had the boy properly buried and the grave
marked. Many years later a Kiumundian, who
had come from West Virginia, recognized the
name and got in touch with the family.
In a letter, received by Mrs. Pearl Fisher, in
1941 when she was head of the Cemetery Associa-
tion, a sister-in-law wrote that a cousin had been
on the same prison train and had told the family
of the death and burial and they expected never
to be able to find the grave. They were overjoyed
when they were told and could come to Kinmundy about
1920 and find the grave. They were touched by the kind-
ness shown them and their loved one and later sent mon-
ey to have the grave put in perpetual care. On Decora-
tion day it is not forgotten by people who know the story.
stole one ot the Lowe be
Flanagan, the poUceman.
I lust wai Jennie Philhps sits in front of their
up m tioiit of then store, and it looks like Bob
on his vest in front of W. W. Neils. Others are
Below, George Tomlinson, standing, Chas. Witwer and Noah Robnett seated, next one not
identified. Doc Laswell and someone sit on his doorstep, and Bert Williams sits with Clabe
Cockrell in front of Rohrboughs store, farther down Miss Mollie Songers, and then the
bank. Other people not identified.
I'liis page compliuients of
JESSE GEORGE, General Men-liaiidise
Friday Eve, May 22, 1885
Miss Gertrude Gwynn's Glass.
Music - Vandalia Glee Club
Young Lochinvar Mrs. Kilpatrick
Reverie Before Church Mamie Songer
Music Vandalia Glee Club
Aunty Doleful Annie Whittaker, Helen Rohrbough
Tom - - Katie Groves
Jack Harry Wilson
Music - Vandalia Glee Club
Pyrimus and Thisbe - - - Annie Elder
Nick Vanstann Helen Rohrbough
European Guides - Harry Whittaker
Music Vandalia Glee Club
Ride of Jennie McNeal Bert Hollister
Socrates Snoocks Lotta Neil
Sliip of Faith Gertrude Gwynn
Music .- Vandalia Glee Club
Leap Year In A Village With
One Young Gentleman.
A Drama In Three Acts.
Matilda Dix -
JpdPdiah Brown A M.
N. V. Lovell
CHILDREN 15 CENTS - ADULTS 25 CENTS.
Doors open at 7:30. Performance to commence at
Without extra charge reserved seats may be
secured at Miss M. A. Songer's store.
WEDNESDAY EVE, APRIL 13th, 1887
Piano - SOIREE - Organ
Mrs. Lou Miller's (lass Assisted by
Encourage your home talent, and note
the impiovenient made by the class. An
evening of rare enjoyment promised you
EAGAN'S OPERA HALL
NOTE THE NOVELTIES
IN THIS PROGRAM.
Greeting Song By Class
Ripples of the Alabama, (Pianoj Mrs. Lou Miller
Belle Pountaine (Piano) ._ Miss Josie McBryde
Palling Leaves (Piano; Miss Anna Elder
Eherin on the Rhine (Song) Miss Sallie Letton
Miss Maude McBryde
Schottish (Piano) . Glen Harlan
MRS. WILLIS' WILL.
Mrs. Robinson, (Mrs. Willis' Executrix)
Miss Anna Elder
Lady Spindle, (haughty and dignified)
Miss Josie McBryde
Mrs. Dwindle, (a votary of fashion)
„ Miss Sallie Dardon
Jennie, (,a farm servant) Miss Sarah Glazebrook
Rachel, (Mrs. Robinson's servant) Miss Mamie Songer
Brilliant Variations, "When You and I were
Young," Mrs. Lou Miller
The Storm at Sea, i piano) . Miss Mamie Songer
"Lauterbach" Miss Maude McBryde
Little Red Rose, (Inst.) Mrs. Lou Miller
My Johnny is a Shoemaker,
O! You Little Darling I love You.
Egypt's Humming Bird. Gertie Tyner, of Mason.
THE FORTUNE TELLER
Bass— Pred Snelhng. Alto— Miss Minnie Tyner.
Tenor— Will Reynolds. Soprano— Mrs. O. N. Tyner.
Chorus, Good Night Class
DIAGRAM OF HALL AND
TICKETS AT TYNER'S.
Admission. lOc, Adults 15c., Reserved Chairs 5c. Extra
DOORS OPEN AT 6:30.
CURTAIN RISES AT 7:30.
Page Twenty -One
South side of Third Street from tlie railroad going up "Quality Hill," in the
These pictures eompliments of
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK, Kinmundy
('RAIN'S CAFE, Kinnnmdy KINMUNDY BUILDING & LOAN
SALEM, FLOWERS, Salem NATTIER'S VOGUE SHOP, Salem
This ^^as lhm^U'\
tlu'w \ li.iriioss sli(
Dr. H. L. Hannah
, store, also known as the Compaoy store. Next was Mat-
]) <ind tlie big corner building housed Dunlap's seed store,
office, Allen's carpenter shop, Ellis Woolf's tin shop, and
,..,!. .Muith's livery stable in the days when y<.u ^:uulu . a l.u.^.^
instead of an automobile. The calaboose is to the lelt willi the cooper shop
This page compliments of
DR. AND I\IRS. DWIGIIT IIANNA
^U ^M^^«ynY^UI/^ n/i (J-
street East of Lincoln
Streets East of
^g ^ V~Minrni/ridL/
Mrs W. C Bern ICC
! ,5^ ■
Third street west from the I. C. raih-oad. Mrs. Jessie Embser says lier grandfather. Isaac
Heaton built this building for a store about 1860 and rented it till he moved to town. His
farm, south of town, was a station on the "underground railroad" during the civil war.
Between this store and the railroad stood Rohrboughs mill.
The old Songer mill, which was built in 1868, and made flour and corn meal till milling
became the specialized business it now is. The Ingram brothers ran it many years and
now Ingram sons ship the grain for the community. They are descendents of the first
James Harvey Gray.
This page compliments of
INGRAM'S ELEVATOR, Kinmundy
KINMUNDY LUMBER CO.
nisL loui buildings die blill Uuic out. Uic Opt,i.i Houcl ■ulli Oi
Camerer'i office. Rices Stoie and otlieib aie gone
I here was once an
the picture The
Meat Maiket, Dr.
The old light plant, whose wlublle suimcied lor ;ill the fires and wrecks, as well as the
ba.sket ball victories. It furnished electricity from dusk to 10 or 11 p.m. You were sup-
posed to be home by then. You heated your irons, and cooked on coal or wood stoves, and
cooled with ice, so you didn't need electricity in the daytime.
This page compliments of
FARINA LUMBER CO., GEILER'S GARAGE, Kinmnndy
L. M. Westphal
D C, DAY, Standard Oil Dealer ATLAS TIRE & SERVICE STATION
Looking west on the south side of Third Street across from the ^lethndisi
Church, about 1908. The first house was George Elder's, now Dr. Franklin's,
the second one, Frank Smith's, is gone and the new parsonage stands there,
the third was W. W. Neil's, later C. F. Pruett's.
This page courtesy of these Kinmundians
E. E. JAHRAUS
WHITE'S FEED AND PRODUCE
JACKSON'S TEXACO SERVICE STATION
W. A. FRANKLIN, M.D.
MAHAN & MOTCH
DOOLEN'S BARBER SHOP
The earliest entertainments were the husking bees, barn
raisings, (juiltings and such. Candy and box suppers were
continued until the present. Taffy pulls were popular in the
rarlv 19n0s, as a way to raise m"ney f"r a l"dge "i- chiireli,
•irid tluM there ^\ere the ehurch dnuiers and lee cream soi-ials
Tlic Euicka Keaihng Club was founded m 187.') and ga\e
liM\.iti HMdni-rs until 1^77 when tlie\ began to gi\e pla> s and
piililh .MMt.iimiK nts Tlu'N disbanded iii l'^^^ with a baiKiuef
,1 v,,u ,,v II , 1
l(ip lo E R H. 1 t r \\ KiUu Hon i I Ostei Paul Sandhofei,
O. N. Tjnei. Second low J H Nclmt, Fllis \ illow Chas Beavei,
Hershel Vallow. Third row, Chas. Vallow. J. B. Brenner, E. A. SnelUng,
G. W. SnelUng, B. Bruce. Bottom row. W. D. Reynolds, F. S. Songer,
Orval Foster, J, B. Garner. Picture taken about 1896.
The location of Eagan's Hall has not been discovered,
hut it was the site for the early graduation ceremonies, and
other meetings and entertainments. Then there was Haj'-
worth's Opera House which burned in the fire of 1903. It was
rebuilt on the same lots and again burned in 1916. This last
one was the scene of class plays, graduations, and the stock
companies who u.sed to tour in the days before radio, movies,
and television. The Reynolds and Tyner Stock Companies
were welcomed as artists and hometown folks. They played in
the Opera House in the winter and in tents in the summer.
Speaking of tents, remember the Chatauqua? It w^as held
ill the Park and for one week gave afternoon and evening
performances which ranged from famous .speakers, preachers,
and chalk talks to music of all kinds. One of the favorite acts
was the Swiss Bell Ringers, a group who performed behind
a long table on wlii.li lulls were arranged harmoniealh'. They
woidd play anytliiiiL: finiu Poet and Peasant to Annie Laurie,
dashing up and duw ii to ring the bell or group of bells with
the proper notes.
About 50 years ago '"Uncle T" (Jlr. Tyner) showed col-
ored lantern slides at the K. P. Hall. The K. P.s also had a
wonderful contraption which could be placed in front of a
]iiano and by inserting a roll and pumping the pedals you
could play a tune. This was replaced by a player piano and
those syncopated numbers — "Eileen", "Florene", "Nights of
Gladness". "Uncle T" also played
them for us in his music store while
we danced outside on the sidewalk.
There were movies, too, with col-
ored slides of songs, and "The Per-
ils of Pauline" or "The Million
Dollar Mystery" every Saturday
Prom earliest days Kiiiiiiuiuly
seems to have had bands ami or-
chestras. In the oldest papers there
are piano advertisements, music
teachers, and recitals. E. A. SnelUng
was (Die of the early band directors
aiul tlie old band .stand, which was
I'ccently torn down, was built ni
1888. Mr. Snelling and the mer-
chants of Kinnuuidy were amateurs
in the true sense of the word, they
played for the love of it, practicing
after they closed their stores for
the evening, and giving a conceri
on Saturday night. Ben Phillips,
with his cornet, was the leader
about the time of the first war. and
he always closed the program witli
••Till We Meet Again."
A high school band was organ-
ized in 1930 by Mr. Tessman. In
1935 Mr. Fi-ank Hickman created
much interest in bands and there
have been been bands since then.
In 1951 music was added as a school
course, a chorus was organized aiut
the band reorganized. The students
have done well in competition and
iiave given very good concerts un-
der the guidance of Bill Pottebaum,
this last season. He has composed a
Kinmundy Centennial March which
will be used in the Celebration. He
leaves this year to continue his
studies at the Eastman School of
The BAND BOOSTERS were or-
ganized on May 19, 1953, with 40
charter members. Carl Broeker, who
was band instructor at the time, was
the first president. (Mrs. Nila Col-
clasure, vice president ; Mrs. Lura
Robnett, recording secretary; Mrs.
Elizabeth Lux, corresponding secre-
tary; and Virgil See, treasurer.)
They work to earn money for band
activities and provide new instru-
ments and other necessities. Under
their auspices the baud presents
three concerts, one at Easter, one at
Christmas, and the summer ice cream
social and concert. The membership
has increased to 80 and they meet
once a month. Mrs. Alta Diss is pres-
ident, Mrs. Bertha See, seeretarj-.
A group uf liidica .vol uut lur a picuiy iu Davis woods or Sii\uci > .-|m m^^
111 the background is Killie's grocery, Cox's restaurant, the tree in front of
Mrs. Dennis' house and millinery shop, and the barber shop. The far corner
was Wetter 's saloon, later the newspaper office, now a vacant lot.
Snyder's Springs was the favorite place for Sunday School picnics for many
years. The trip was made on a hay wagon or in your buggy or surrey. A
trolley ride which stretched from the grove down to the springs below was
the favorite amusement. A pulley wheel, with a cross bar to hold on to trav-
eled on the wire, you hung on and whizzed through space to the bottom of
EGYPTIAN NUESERY, Farina
DISS TRUCKING, Kinmundy
Al.ovi Tiic -.mmI old win
feiieos around tlicm. The J'
(lencc before remodeling'.
Below — This picture was made from an old photographic plate made by Iluf:
Spencer, lent bv the Ernsts. Mr. Speneer takes a ride in the cutter. Note 1,1
Slei-hbells (.n the horse.
FRANCIS HAMMER, SEALTEST
BYRON SILL, QUALITY USED
C. E. liAILEY DRILLING CO.
E. A. ERNST & SONS, PUREBRED
ANGUS SINCE 1933
In his trip tlirougli the United States during
the Civil War, Anthony Trollope was amazed at
the number of newspapers which were printed.
Everyone read newspapers. Kinmundy has had
its sliare, too. The Kinmundy Telegram was start-
ed on March 13, 1867 by Col. J. W. Filler who
sold it to H. H. Chesley and in 1868 it was bought
by two printers, 'Bryant and Pyles. 'Bryant
bought out Pyles and changed it to the Kinmun-
dy Democrat and supported Seymour and Blair
in the campaign but after the election in Novem-
ber it was changed to the Kinmundy Independ-
ent. Edward Freeman bought this in 1873 and
continued it for at least 10 years as we have
copies of one dated 1876 and another dated 1883.
The latter carries his obituary and notes that
liis sons will now continue the paper. The Pas-
toral Visitor, a religious monthly edited by Rev.
N. B. Cooksey for the M.E. church, was also
printed by the Independent. Uui'ing this time
Pyles started the Kinmundy Bulletin on Jan. 1,
1875, advocating retrenchment and reform in
government, and democratic principles for the
country at large. This published 13 nvunbers only.
W. L. Arnold started the Kinmundy Regis-
ter in 1879 and it lasted 26 issues. In 1881 G. W.
Rutherford moved the Reform Leader from San-
doval to Kinmxuidy. It had quite a circulation as
an advocate of the greenback policy.
R. F. Lawson started the Kinmundy Express
on Nov. 8, 1883, as he stated in the paper's slo-
gan — "in the intei'ests of Dick Lawson and Kin-
mundy." In 1890 he bought the double brick
buikUng which was later to house the company
store. He crusaded for a bridge over the I. C. R.R.
on 2nd street. Miss Evelyn Killie remembers set-
ting type for him. She and Mrs. Pearl Fisher later
worked for Grissom when he bought The Express.
In 1898 F. 0. Grissom came down from Farina
to help get the paper out one week and never
went back. He bought the Journal which had
been brought from Patoka and for a while pub-
lished both till he merged them after the fire of
1903. His .shop burned again the following July
in the block where the filtering plant now is.
He then moved into a house east of the Il-
linois Central depot (now Arnold's.) There he
sold it to Gus Spitze, formerly a teacher in Kin-
mundy high school. Spitze moved it down to the
old Wetter building (now gone) and sold to Lem
Ballance who sold to Norris Vallow. Vallow mov-
ed it one door soutli into the building he still
occupies. Besides the Express, Vallow prints a
Methodist paper, a Gideon paper, and the Marion
Early newspapers were large sheets of pa-
per folded in half and then folded again making
8 pages, or folded once making 4 pages. In the
1900s they were still made in tlie same way and
only part was local news, in hand set type, the
rest, being more like magazine articles on world
affairs, jokes, home remedies and recipes. They
received these large sheets, already printed on
one side. Since type is set by linotypes and not
mucli by hand it is now possible to make up the
entire newspaper locally.
The first mention of telephones found when
compiling this historj' was in an 1883 paper which
stated that on Nov. 15 E. Heriuck and B. Blakes-
lee had gone to Salem to work up a telephone.
For the rest of this information we are indebted
to W^ill Ross. The earliest phone he remembers
connected Andy Young's hardware store with his
house. The store was the now vacant room south
of Jesse George's and the home was on the north
side of the highway across from the park where
Frank Davis lived, and Glenn Doolen now lives.
Eb McBryde had also rigged up some sort
of speaking arrangement between the McBryde
store (now Jesse George's) and home (now Har-
vey Brown's). Whether it worked by wire or not
is not known. The apparatus of Young's used
wire and batteries and the speaker signalled and
then hung up till the person at the other end
signalled back, then the conversation was car-
ried on. In these early days there was a local
long distance line from Mt. Vernon to Effingham
with a booth in the Ryan Hotel, a phone in the
Company Store and probably one at the mine
which were both projects cf Chas. Hull at thai
time. Mr. Hull built the first local exchange in
1898. It was located over the Company store
(empty lot south of Dunlap's).
About 1904 Mr. Hidl moved his exchange to
the Hultz home (now Harvey Brown's). He had
perhaps 15 lines running in to this switchboard
and Katie Hultz was the operator. Hull at one
time owned or controlled all phones of Marion
County except Ceutralia Bell.
About 1905 W^ill Storrs started a new mu-
tual exchange which he built up to 180 phones
and went into competition with Hull. This was
on the second floor of the Masonic Temple.
In this era you bought your own instrument,
strung your own wire to the city limits and the
exchange did the rest. This was the age of Mu-
tuals and there were groups in Salem, Odin, Pa-
toka, Sandoval, Vernon, luka, and Omega, the
latter being one of the big ones and having 400
members. A salesman would come through and
sell everyone in the area a phone and the new
company would be started.
On October 11, 1910, Will Ross bought out
Storrs, and continued operating in the same
building. In 1913 the first real toll line from Sa-
lem Commercial Telephone and Telegi-aph Co.
was installed. Before this open wires were used
and service was not very clear but this was a
No. 9 metallic circuit which was a big improve-
Above — Tlie streets were worse iu those days am
elegant, but we had a bank on each corner then.
Below— "23" passing the old coal mine. The Illinois Central south-bound
came in at 5:23 p.m. and you came back on it from a day spent in Farina.
The pupils from Alma went home from school on it instead of buses.
BARGH'S DRUG STORE LEE'S PHILLIPS 66, ROUTE 37
CHRIS JASPER SHOE REPAIR GORDON POOL ROOM
nieiit. The Bell Company brought in a toll line
from Ceutralia about the same time.
lu 1920, Ross sold his exchange to the Com-
mercial Telephone and Telegraph Company of
Salem and went to Salem as Manager for their
Salem and Kinmiuidy exchanges. In 192-t this
company sold out to Bell. They moved the Kin-
mundy exchange to the first floor of the now va-
cant building on Madison Street just below Dmi-
lap 's. There it remained until 1955 when the dial
system was iustalled and a new building was
built on Jefferson street next to the Fire Depart-
In the late 90s when Leander Matthews was mayor,
the city of Kinmundy set about to build its own light
plant. They inspected plants in other towns and then
built one of their own on the site of Reno's mill on Jef-
ferson and 4th street. This fm-nished DC current made
by a dynamo which was turned by a coal-fired steam en-
gin. They had about 100 customers and the streets were
lit at the corners by the old carbon lamps. W. G. Sims
was the first superintendent. About 1909, J. C. Lee
bought the plant from the city for $10,000 to be paid in
Installments for ten years. During the first war coal
cost five times what the price had been when the con-
tract was made, so Mr. Lee was unable to fulfill his
agreemint and sold it back to the city. He continued to
operate it for them until 1937 when it was sold to Cen-
tral Ilhnois Public Service company and the city signed
a 25 year contract to buy power from that company.
In the 1920s the plant was overhauled and chang-
ed to AC cun-ent. More electric equipment was being
used and it became necessary to standardize current so
that irons, fans, etc. could be used anywhere. The many
electrical appUances that we now use did not become
practical in small towns and country until the big power
lines went through.
In 1953 Kinmundy built its own water plant. This
was especially useful last year when many wells were dry
because of the drought. The water is pumped from the
I. C. reservoir to the filtering plant (used to be the old
calaboose) and then to the tank which stands where
Washington and East street join. There are 250 cust-
Fifty years ago houses with ruiming water had
tanks in the attic and water was pumped from well or
cistern up to these, and then fed by gravity into the
water system. Later windmills, then gasoline engines and
finally electricity did the job.
FraternalOrganizations and Clubs
KINMUNDY LODGE NO. :i98, A.P.&A.M.
was chartered on October 5, 1864, and held its
first meetings in the home of Col. Booth on West
Fourth Street. There were nine charter members,
B. H. Bodwell being Worshipful Master. As more
members were added the meeting place was
changed to the hall over Blakeslee's Store on the
southwest corner of Third and Madison. After
several other meeting places on Madison Street,
they built a temple of their own on the site of
the present temple and dedicated it on Jan. 10,
1902. This burned in the fire which destroyed
that block on Dec. 2, 1903. They met temporarily
in the K.P. hall but planned to rebuild and moved
into the present building in September, 1904.
They celebrated their Diamond Jubilee in
1940, with 135 members. The present member-
ship is 178. James Strieker is Worshipful Master.
The MAYFLOWER CHAPTER OF THE
ORDER OF EASTERN STAR was foimded Sept.
11, 1891. All of its records were lost in the fire
of' 1903. On Feb. 11, 1908, a meeting was called
in the Masonic hall by 20 dimitted members of
the Mavflower Chapter asking for a charter for
Kinmiuidy Chapter No. 606. A. U. Allen acted
as chairman, and Bessie King was secretary.
The charter was granted April 7, 1908, and Farina
Chapter No. 112 O.B.S. instituted the new lodge.
The first officers installed were Worthy Matron,
Ellen K. Donovan; Worthy Patron, Raymond
Walters ; secretary, Bessie King ; treasurer, M. A.
Babcock. This chapter is still active having a
membership of 125. Mrs. Marge Boyd is Worthy
The MODERN WOODMEN was established
August 30, 1889, but it no longer holds meetings.
Their women's affiliate, the ROYAL NEIGH-
BORS OF A:MERICA was organized March 13.
1897, by Deputy Supreme Oracle D. C. Kingsley
and was one of the first camps ever organized.
They still meet, though they are not a large group
any more. Mrs. Betty Wagoner is Oracle.
The I.O.O.F. ROSEDALE LODGE NO. 354
was chartered Oct. 9, 1867, with eight members.
It was very active for many years and owned its
own building, but that was lost in the fire of
1903. It no longer meets in KLinniuidy, members
from here go to the Farina or Salem Chapter.
The ROSEDALE REBEKAH LODGE NO.
371 was instituted Nov. 20, 1895, by the Salem
Lodge with 34 charter members. Miss Mary
Shriver was the first Noble Grand. Lois Heaton
of Pueblo, Colo., and Lib Humphrey Gramley of
Westwood, Calif., are the only charter members
now living. The group still meets and takes care
of its organizations. It is now the oldest organ-
ization in Kinmundy. Mrs. Carrie Yeager is Noble
Organizations in the early daj's were the
Royal Templars of Temperance, Fidelity Lodge
No". 24, organized in 1880, and the Kinmiuidy
Lodge 1091, Knights of Honor, organized May 31,
1878. with 13 charter members. In the early 1900s
the Knights of Pythias Clipper Lodge No. 413
with its Pythian Sisters took a most active part
in the town's social life. None of these meet
The AMERICAN LEGION POST 519 was
first organized about 1921 but the rocerds are
lost aud they seem to have disbanded after a few
years. They reorganized in November, 1929, and
"have been active ever since. In 1954 they bought
(Continued on Page 36)
I)iH'or.itii.)ii Day 1908 Lett to rii^lit, standing. John Sohoenboni, W \ Brewer,
1. T. Dillon, II". Shafler, .) iluberl, Le\ i Thomas, (Jeo. Fonster, (\ Rolirhough,
Jack Foster, Denny Ingram and Dr. Smith. Left to right, seated, Bill Neil,
John Nelms, Howard Nelms, Joel Youngkin, John Doolen, John Miller, Wm.
Coleman. T. J. Greenlee. Hi Ilerriek, Wm. Brown, Chris Shaffer and J. F.
Kebuilding the opera house after the fire of 1903.
This page courtesy of these Farina Merchants
FRANK WOERNER & SONS, HOWELL MOTOR CO., J. COTTRSON
GALE BOSTON, OWNER
Page Thirty -Five
the first floor of the Masonic Temple building
and occupied it, as theii" first ijermaueut home, in
August 1955. They have been most generous in
lending it for meetings and activities for the
Centennial. With the Ladies Auxiliary they main-
tain several wheelchairs and hospital beds whicii
are available free to any person in the community
who needs them. The present Commander is Gil-
bert Doolen, and there are 110 members.
Kinmundy has had soldiers in ail wars, In-
dian, Mexican, on both sides of the Civil War,
Spanish, World Wars I and II and the Korean
conflict. These graves ai-e remembered each Dec-
oration Day by the Legion.
The LADIES AUXILIARY OF POST 519
was organized on Oct. 16, 19-±7,_with '6'6 charter
members, 27 new and 6 who transferred their
membership from Salem, where they had belong-
ed while there was no Auxiliary in Kinmundy.
Mrs. Pearl l^'isher acted as temporary chairman
till the new officers were elected. The first pres-
utent was Mrs. Maxiue Robb. The present presi-
dent is Mrs. Lela Mae Doolen and there are 83
The KINMUNDY WOMAN'S CLUB v/a.s or-
ganized about 1911. Mrs. George H. Mayer was
Its first president. She was treasurer of the Illi-
nois State Federation that year and in 1914 was
delegate for the 23rd district to the Biennial Con-
vention of the General Federation in Chicago. It
was a very active club in those years and seems
to have continued till 1940.
The present club was organized on July Hi,
1946, with Mrs. R/.chard Broom, president, and
46 members. Throughout the years they have ac-
complished much for the community. In 1951 the
children's choir, under the direction of Mrs. F. 0.
Grissom, won honor for the club and Kinmundy at
the State convention in Chicago. Mrs. Eugene Shu-
feldt served as recording secretary of the 2lird dis-
trict for 1952-54 and Mrs. W. A. Franklin was
county president in 1956. This Cciiteiuiial lUiok
was a club project originally and tlie\' luive done
much for the Centennial Celebration. jMrs. Huffy
Ilanna is president. The Junior Woman's Club,
which was organized in 1955, is also known for its
civic work. Mrs. Henry J. Steinlicht is president.
The PARENTS AND TEACHERS ASSOCI-
ATION, with 188 members this year, is one of
the strongest organizations in the community.
It is believed to have begun about 1914 and was
instituted by the late Mrs. Fannie Simpson
Schwartz (originally a Kinmundian) who started
the PTA in Marion county. Mrs. Annie Young
was the first president. About 1936 it became
very active and began its fine health progi-am,
giving diphtheria and scarlet fever shots in the
schools; and its Summer Roundup, which i.s a
medical examination, including eyes and teetli,
for children of pre-school age. It was instrumen-
tal in getting the equipment for the school cafe-
teria, and the latest project was the handsome
new curtain for the stage in the new High School
gymnasium. Mrs. Margaret Shufeldt is the out-
going ])resideut and Mrs. Lura Robuett, the new
4-H CLUBS train yoimg people in home-
making and agricultural pursuits and are tuider
the direction of the Comity home and farm ad-
visors. Pioneers in this work in Kinmundy were
Katherine Wormley and Mrs. Jessie Vallow, who
were group leaders for many years, and organ-
ized the Aienuettes. From this group Kay Green-
wood won recognition at the State Fair for her
This j'ear the Kinmundy Menuettes 4-H Club
is a group of 25 girls whose leaders are Mrs.
iJorotiiy McCulley and Mrs. Lora Ingram. Sue
Ernst IS the president and Carol George the sec-
retary-treasurer. They meet twice monthly at the
Home Ec room in the High School. This year they
all have food projects and will study all phases,
from baking to freezing foods, and meal plan-
ning. A demonstration and talk is given at each
The Wide Awake 4-H club has agricultural
projects and was organized in 1949 by Gene
Ernst. The first club had 9 members and Bettj'
Ernst was the president. Members of this group
liave won recognition at various fairs : Nolan
McKitrick for public speaking on safety, and
Warren and Robert Shufeldt for their entomo-
logical display at the 1956 State Fair. Garry
Ernst had Grand Champion Angus steer in Mar-
ion County in 1956 and 8th place for an Angus
heifer in the Land 'o Lincoln contest.
The PLEASURE HOUR CLUB was organ-
ized March 27, 1923 by a group of young mar-
ried couples who met once a month at each oth-
ers' homes for an evening of pleasure. It is still
very active and is fortunate that in its 34 years
it has lost only three members by death, A. J.
Young, Hubert M. Fisher and Walter S. Pruett.
The JOLLY GIRLS CLUB was first organ-
ized in 1944 by Mrs. Clifton Lemaj' and was call-
ed the Friendly Circle. It was abandoned about
1946 but reorganized in 1948. At present it has
14 member's, who, at each meeting, help their
hostess with household tasks, such as ironing,
mending, quilting or such tasks.
The WEST SIDE THIMBLE CLUB was a social
and fancy work club (started by Mrs. Dora Brenner and
Mrs. R. P. McBryde It is said) which flourished in the
early 1900s when ladies had time and inclination for
things embroidered and crocheted. The membership was
kept to 24, and at the Christmas party, each member
gave, and received 24 presents, perhaps a chamois with
ribbon and lace, hand whipped around the edge. (For
those who don't remember, these were the fore-runners
of the powder puff.) The ladies were always willing to
teach any child how to make the things they were mak-
ing and are part of the past we remember fondly.
The SIX G'S (whose name was never explained)
was also a social club but this one was noted for the ele-
gance of its entertainments and members vied with each
other for unusual decorations and refreshments. It is
believed to have originated with Mrs. Will Gray, and its
members were the social leaders of the town. It is no
MRS. BEN MILLICAN, CUSTOM RUG
MRS. HATTIE HUDDLESTON, CUSTOM
HUGO WAGONER, GARAGE. GENERAL
ANDREW MULVANEY. BLACKSMITH
LESLIE EBLIN, GROCERY & MDSE. GEORGE FISK, GROCER
and Kinmnndy Businesses
VIRGIL SEE, SEE'S PONY FARM INA'S BEAUTY SHOP
ROBERT LANE, TRUCKING PHYLLIS' BEAUTY SHOP
Greens steam enyn
G. C. Doolen farm-
This community was settled as an ag-
ricultural community, and lias remained
so, though many changes have come
about. When the early settlers came, the
prairie was covered with 6 foot high
grass that had never been cut. They set-
tled near the creeks, and cleared spaces
in the woods for cabins, and fields to
grow only what they, or their neighbors
would consume. If they did grow any
surplus, it was hauled by wagon to St.
Louis, to be sent by boat to New Orleans,
or back up the Ohio to the east. It was
tlie custom, they say, for farmers in this
area to have "drives" in the fall. Neigh-
bors would collect all their livestocik,
poultry, butter, anything they had to sell,
and set out for St. Louis. The chickens
were in coops, the butter in barrels, and
these were hauled by wagon, while cattle
and other livestock, even turkeys, would
be driven on foot, the whole party camp-
ing at night along the way. The railroads
changed all that. They made it possible
to get produce to market, so it became
profitable to raise some to sell. Railroads
were useless without freight to haul, so
they early encouraged agricultural pur-
Hayricker bought about 1890. One of the first
in this area. G. C. Doolen Paiin— 1920.
With the invention of reapers and mowers, and
plows strong enough to break the prairie sod, more
farms were opened. In the 1850s a great tide of people
from Europe came to the United States. With the build-
ing of railroads they were able to settle on farms
throughout the middle west and many settled near Kin
inundy, and their names: Kolb, Mettzgar, Stock, Nach-
niann,' Bilek, Jessman and Tschudi are old names around
Early crops were hay, gram and wheat. Timothy
was important as ha^' and was first grown by James H.
Uray in Section 15. Hay was shipped in great quantities,
there being several "hay presses" in Kinmundy which
baled the hay before shipping. Now it is done by the
farmer as he cuts it. In the 80s orchards and small fruit
began to be important. Apples, peaches, pears, straw-
berries, cherries, and mushmelons, as well as vegetables
were raised for the market. Later refrigerated cars were
developed which rushed the produce to the markets.
One story, explaining how Southern Illinois came
to be called ^'Little Egypt", tells of the 2 or 3 year
drought and crop failures in Northern Illinois, which
caused the upstate farmers to come south for grain. This
was in 1818, the year Illinois became a state, and the
wagon train went as far down as Clinton and Jefferson
Counties, some say down the Effingham-Kinraundy road
wliicli later became the Egyptian Trail, then Route 37.
In 1818 there was no Marion County; it was still
part of Jefferson, and Clinton was part of Bond and
Washington. This area was then the land of plenty, but
by the early 1900s, the soil was becoming overcropped
and poor. There had been no need for rotation of crops
or conservation when there was plenty more land to use
as the first became worn out. Fifty years ago it was the
saying around Kinmundy that we didn't need any col-
lege boys to tell us how to farm, but after some of the
farm boys went to college and came back with ideas that
were pretty helpful, and as new ideas were spread
through Farmer's Institutes and County Fairs, practices
were changed and the land built up again. The Lime-
stone Club was formed and its members subscribed for
100 carloads of limestone. This was one of the early steps
in what now is regular procedure, putting back into the
soil what you take out.
Modern equipment has made great changes in farm-
ing in this area. Before combines were used, a threshing
crew, with a steam engine, toured the countryside. The
neighbors helped one another, men on the wagons, bring-
ing the grain from the field to the machine; women in
tlie kitchen, cooking wonderful meals for the men (and
assorted children who were lucky enough to be there).
Who can forget the fried chicken, chicken and dump-
lings, and country ham; and the pies and cakes which
to])i)ed off the meal?
Tractors have probably changed things most, by
speeding up the work. Fields can be cultivated, planted,
reai)ed, and brought to town in much less time than wit I)
horse drawn equipment.
One man alone can aeeomplisli
what used to take many. So farm-
ing this area reflects the great
.•hanges that have come during a
ci'utury: fr(nu a bare sustenance
tor each family to vast quantities
for world markets; from hay and
wheat to corn and soybeans as cash
>-vapA: and about every 20-25 years
a return of strawberries.
F. A. I'ruott and .sons, Charles
and Walter, shipped produce from
Kiiimundy starting in 1892. In the
192()s they specialized in eggs and
in one peak year shipped 300 car-
loads. They also shipped fruit and
jobbed flour, feed, etc. The lO'iG as-
sessor's census shows 153 farms in
Kinmundy township, 4681 acres of
soybeans,' 3826 acres of corn, 1279
acVes of wheat, 1135 acres of oats,
777 acres redtop, 585 acres clover
hay, 259 acres rye, and 40 acres of
barley. Ingram's elevator shipped
374 carloads of various grains that
There have been Agricultural
fairs in Illinois since the early 1850s
according to old record books. Kin-
mundy organized one on Oct. 1.
1894, "and held one annually for
nmny years. Old clippings in scrap
books tell of the great success of
tiiese affairs. lu the years before
the first "World War, the Farmers
Institute was an event looked for-
ward to by all. New ideas in farm
ing and homemaking were demon-
sti-ated by people from Illinois Uni-
versity, and from these came the
ideas "for the Farm Bureau, Home
Bureau and 4-H movements. From
the pioneer with his poor hand tools
to the modern farm and farm house
in one hundred years is an amazing
step. Fi-om oxen to crop-dusting
with airplanes ! ! Changes come more
rapidly each year — and who can
sav w'hat comes uext?
The ]\Iarion County Farm Bureau
began in 1918. A committee was ap-
pointed on Jan. 21 of that year, two
members from Kinmundy being Wm.
Gray and J. Lem Ballance, and on
Feb. 4 it was organized with 79
members. C. W. Vursell was acting-
secretary at the meeting. Joe
Hchwartz of Salem was elected pres-
ident. Its purpose was to hire coun-
ty agents or farm advisors for coun-
sel on teclmical problems which
Some of the membeis of the Umestone Club who wt-u the lust to .slait
rebuilding the worn out land aiound Kinmundy Lett to nght uont
row, George Snelling, Harmon Lenhart, Billy Maxey, I. R. Widdis,
George Spies, Jerome Embser, Billy Morris, Russell Lenhart, Will Gray,
Chas Hull, Lish Hammers. Back row, John Holt, T. Wilkinson, Chas.
Shufeldt, Will Shriver, Ed Dillon, Fied Kleiss, J. T. Arnold, George
Newell, Percy Blake, Lloyd Hammer.
were increasing as farming became more scientific. They also
founded cooperatives, insurance groups, etc.
The first county agent was Fi-ed Blackburn and one of
the early problems was control of chinch bugs which were a
menace at that time. John Holt of Kinmundy and Frank Nor-
ris of Meacham w^ere members of that committee. The Farm
Bureau works with Illinois University which is a land grant
college. This means that it was founded with money from the
sale of public lands, and in return must foster agriculture and
mechanic arts. The bureau has no local chapters but embraces
the entire county, with directors from each township. It now
has 1,998 members. Roy Doolen was president for last year.
The Kinmundy Unit of the Home Bureau was organized
in 1945. Only four of the original number are still in the group
— ^Mrs. Wilma Vandeveer, Mrs. Jessie Vallow, Mrs. Margaret
Shufeldt aiul Katherine Wormley — and since Katherine has
just moved to California, that leaves three. They meet one evening
each month .and a lesson is given on some household subject, cooking,
sewing, crafts, homemaking, health, etc. These lessons are first given
by instructors from the University of Illinois Extension bureau at the
Country headquarters, to two or more from each unit and they in turn,
instruct their fellow members. The ladies suggest a list of subjects they
would like to study and the programs are made up from the most popu-
lar items. The present president is Mrs. Huffy Hanua, and the unit
has 18 members from both town and country homes. Last year a group
of young women organized another unit called the Joy Belles, with the
assistance of Mrs. Ruby Shaffer, then County vice-chairman. They
have 8 members and their chairman is Mrs. Jane Lowe. They study \,he
same lessons as the other groups. Both clubs work with the 4-H clubs, the
Kinmundy Menuettes, Wide Awakes. Meacham Worthwhile, and others.
G gan^' plow used on Joe Telford Farm between Alma and Kinmundy.
Cars were really rare when Pleasant Kobnett started tlu.^ garage shown above.
BeloM- yon see two of the early cars, an Allen and a Dort, for which he had
the agency, and the garage has grown considerably. Some visitors are shown
with Noah, Pleasant, Miss Anna and Mrs. Robnett. Behind the Allen yon can
see the stock barn that used to be there.
This page courtesy of
ROBNETT 'S D-X SERVICE, P. F. ROBNETT
Like many other towns in the mid west, Kiiimuudy
has been greatly affected by changes in transportation. The
pioneers came in covered wagons and used oxen for lieavy
work. In the minutes of the early city council there are
payments listed for working on the city streets with ox
team. Our grandparents remember when produce was ship-
ix'd in wagons to St. Louis or some river port and then on
hv water to New Orleans or farther. After the covered
wagon, the .stagecoach was the method of travel, unless
you walked or rode horseback.
With the coming of the railroads that was changed.
People were able to get from one place to another, and
more important, were able to send their produce to market
ami get finished goods in return. From the peddler who
sdUl what lie could carry on his back, as he walked through
the country, or traveled in a wagon with a little bit of ev-
erything to sell, we changed to the frontier store, then to
the general store.
The Illinois Central created little towns all up and
down its length wherever it put stations, though the sta-
tions were probably placed where there was a settlement
or a good location for one. It had lots of land to sell and
did lots of advertising to get people to settle in Illinois. In
its guidebook for 1868, which has descriptions of all towns
on the railroad, it lists Kinmundy as having 2,000 popula-
tion, which seems exaggerated; no other listing found was
more than 1,200. Tonti was built to service Salem which
as yet had no railroad. Freight was hauled by wagon be-
tween Salem and Tonti.
After 1850 the whole country went wild building
railroads. Many small ones were built which were after-
wards acquired by the larger companies and merged into
networks. In the city council minutes for May 19, 1869,
there is a petition from 30 citizens, asking that the council
order an election to vote on sub.scribiug $50,000 worth of
stock in a line to be called the Kinmundy Pana railroad.
The Chicago, Paducah and Memphis railroad passed
through Kinmundy in 1896 when tracks were laid from
Altamont to Marion. This road was acquired by the C. &
E. I. in 1887, and that company proceeded to connect Shel-
byville and Altamont, and in 1899 extended its line to
Thebes on the Missis.sippi, thus the length of the state.
Mail order houses sped the decline of the small town
store. Then the railroads offered excursions for shopping.
If you bought about $25 worth of merchandise the mer-
clmnts of Centralia would buy your ticket both ways. You
could go down at 9:30 in the morning, return on old 8:22
in the evening.. Gradually the stores in small towns were
not able to compete with the larger places which had be-
come so accessible.
Changes came to the railroads, too. An 1876 newspa-
per lists one mail train north and one south daily except
Sunday, and express and three freights both ways daily.
In 1883 the listing shows not only the Illinois Central, but
tjie Vandalia Line connections in Effingham for St. Louis
or New York. Cincinnati and Louisville ; and the Ohio and
Jlis-sissippi connections in Odin for both east and west.
After 1896 when the C. & E. I. was built you could go to
Centralia on the I. C. return to Salem on the M. & I., ride
across town in a horsedrawn hack, and come home on the
C. & E. I. In these years the hacks met all the trains in
Kinmundy too, and brought people to
i(j\vn and to the hotels.
In the late 1800s and early lilOOs
I lie drummers (.salesmen they call tlicia
iKiw) came to town by train and stay-
cil at one of the hotels. They hired a
rig from the livery stable and made
their calls on small stores in the sur-
rounding territory, that were not on a
railroad. In those days there were
morning and evening trains, both
north- and south-bound that stopped
here. If you wanted to go to Chicago
the fast train would stop, or you could
leave at 9:30 with your lunch (fried
chicken and deviled eggs) and get to
Chicago in time for supper.
During this era the raih-oads were growing,
more traltic meant bigger locomotives and
that meant more water tor steam. A larger
lake was built, (the present one), and most
trains going south or north stopped for water.
That grade from Tonti to Kinmundy is still
one of the toughest ones on the route, and
gives the diesels trouble, too. This water-
itop caused one of the bad wrecks which
people still remember; one midnight train
plowed into the other one which had stop-
ped for water, and killed 4 railroad officials
whose private car was at the rear. At this
time a block signal system was being install-
ed to prevent just such occurrences.
When the first autos came to Kimnundy
there were no roads except dirt ones. After
the fall rains started, you put your car up on
wooden jacks in the garage (it was still call-
ed the barn) and you left it there till next
summer. Dr. Miller and Dr. Camerer each
had cars about 1912, the kind you cranked.
These models had acetylene lamps which had
to be lit with a match at dusk. It was a long
trip to Centralia and a real journey to St.
Louis, and Chicago. There were no marked
routes and it was easy to loose your way in
strange territory. Then two men in a bug-
gy came along one day. down the road from
Effingham and painted black and orange
triangles on every other telephone pole. This
marked the Egyptian trail which became
Route 37, in 1931.
Then came the trucks and buses. Gradual-
ly they took business from the railroad, es-
pecially passenger and short hauls, and now
the streamliners go roaring through without
stopping and the small town depends on
truck, bus and private car. Many people
have never ridden on a railroad, which was
true long ago but for a different reason.
Nowadays they don't need to. With good
highways and faster cars you can live in
Kinmundy and work elsewhere, so people
who are not on the farm, do not have to
move to the city for employment, and the
small town is again a nice place to live. You
can drive to St. Louis for a show or ball
game or shopping. With the new thru-ways,
places even fai-ther away will become more
accessible. At least one resident has his own
plane, and several fly planes from the Salem
Airport. Perhaps the plane will do for the
automobile what the automobile did to the
railroad. The next hundred years will tell.
NOW CHURCH OF GOD
CHURCHES IX THIS AREA
The first settlers in this community were of English or Scotch and Irish
protestant groups and came from southern and southeastern states: Bap-
tists, Methodists and Presbyterians. Catholicism was brought by the French
to Kaskaskia as early as 1685, but it did not reach Kinmundy till the Irish
and German settlers came in the 1840s.
CUMBERLAND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
The first Cumberland Presbyterian Church was organized at the home
of James Eagan, Sept. 7, 1840 by William Pinley. It was called Mt. Carmel
but took the name of Kinmundy after the town was founded. In 1842 a camp
meeting grounds was established near the townsite .and out of these meetings
grew most of the Cumberland Presbyterian congregations in the country.
After the town was platted, Isaac Eagan gave to the congregation lot
5 block 3 in Eagan's first addition for a church site, and was instrumental in
organizing the group, affiliated with the Mt. Vernon Presbytery. This church
was erected in 1859 and is said to be the first church built in Kinmundy. The
building still stands, and is now used by the Church of God.
On August 19, 1865 the First Presbyterian Church was organized by the
Alton Presbytery. This was a different group from the Cumberlands. They
bought lots 64-65 in the original town and the building on them which had
been used as a school house till the new building was built. This building
known as Presbyterian Hall was later moved to Madison and Second street
where it stood for many years. The congregation united with Cumberland
Presbyterian, and the united congregation was known as the First Presbyterian
Church of Kinmundy. When it became too small to support a church, they
disbanded in the 1920s and the members went to other churches.
The Baptists are one of the earliest sects in the county. The Liberty
Baptist church was a log house 4 miles northwest of Kinmundy. Elder Dick-
ens, a pioneer in this county, probably organized this church before 1826.
According to the History of Marion and Clinton Counties they were still hold-
ing church in the log house in 1881.
Harmony Baptist church was located about 1 \-2 miles southwest of Kin-
mundy and was named, by the settlers who came from Mason County, Vir-
ginia, for their church back home. This group of See, Shelton and Martin
families met in the See schoolhouse on March 13, 1852 and organized, and
later built a church on a lot donated by R.E. Shelton. This church was da-
maged by a tornado about 1902. It was dismantled and rebuilt in Alma later
that year. When the congregation grew too small to support a church they
sold the building to the Primitive Baptists who now use it.
In 1866 8 members organized a church in Kinmundy but it was dissolved
in 1873 and several reunited with Harmony. On April 9, 1904 the Ti-ustees of
the First Baptist church bought a lot on south F^-emont street from W. B.
Ross and wife. There a church building was erected. After using it for sev-
eral years it proved to be too far from the congregation and they moved to
the .Southern Methodist building on Adams Street to hold their services. In
1922 the building was sold to T. M. Smith. In the last year the building was
torn down .and a dwelling building on its foundation. There is no congregation
now in Kinmundy.
Circuit Riders were preaching Methodism in this area before Kinmundy
was a town. Their stations were Sandy Branch, Fosterburg, and Pleasant
Grove. James Harsha was pastor of the Salem Circuit in 1833, and preach-
ing was held at the statioris as well as in private, homes. In the summer of
1858 Dr. Elliott, of Salem Circuit, preached occasionally in Kinmundy. Kev.
James WoUard, of the same circuit, was the first regular pastor. He organiz-
ed the first class whose members were Waller Hensley and wife, Samuel Law-
rence and wife, George Marshland and wife, Melinda Sprouse, Clara Russell,
Sarah Fish, Marshall Gee and Wm. Blurton.
The present Methodist minister is Rev. Earl Phillips. Father Strzelec is
pastor of St. Philomena's Church,
In 1863 the Kinmundy Circuit was formed, P. P. Hamilton became pas-
tor, and through his efforts the first church, a white frame building, was
built, on lot 59 in the Original town plat, and where the pre.sent church now
stands. Elias Neil was the first superintendent of Sunday School. In 1904
plans were made for a new building and the following committee was appoint-
ed: Capt. C. Rohrbough. Chairman: F. A. Pruett, Miss Molly Songer. W. W.
Neil and W. H. Gray. In July the contract was let and Samuel Ingram, the
oldest member, turned the first spade of dirt.
The new brick building with beautiful stained glass windows, was dedi-
cated the next year. It is still a fine church and has been improved during
the years by the congregation.
This year, 1957, a new parsonage was built across the street from the
church and the old one was sold, to be torn down. A worthy project of this
church is "God's Acres," forty acres of land bought by the Methodist Men
and farmed by them for the benefit of the church.
A Southern Methodist Church was active from 1869 to the early 1900s
but they disbanded and the members joined with Cumberland Presbyterians
or Methodists. Their church, which stood on block 9 on Adams Street was
torn down after having been used by the Baptist congregation for some time.
FIRST METHODIST CHURCH
ST. PHILOMEN.4S CATHOLIC CHURCH
Many Catholic families came to Uiis area when the railroad was built
and as early at 1866 Father Killian Schlosser was saying mass in the homes.
In 1870 a church was begun, Isaac Eagan donated 2 acres of land and Patrick
Carrick on his death bed bequeathed a note with interest amounting to $809
which was to be used for the building. This is the old building in northeast
part of the town, and the summer festival is still held on its grounds.
The first trustees were Martin Schoenborn and James Mahon. For the
first ten yeare it was in charge of the Franciscan fathers of Teutopolis, then
in 1878 the Diocesan clergy were sent once a month to hold mass. In 1931
with the completion of Route 37 more people were able to attend and one
pastor was able to serve the church at Salem, as well as Kinmundy, and hold
mass every Sunday.
In 1940 the congregation grew larger with the coming of people attract-
ed by the oil boom. In 1945 it celebrated its 75th year Jubilee and plans were
begun to build a new church. This lovely brick building was dedicated in 1951
and stands on a site donated by Mr. and Mrs. Fied Kleiss.
About 1900 the Christian congregations of Centralia and Salem lent
their ministers, Rev. Smart and Rev. Rowe to hold a meeting in Kinmundy.
The results were vei-y encouraging and a congregation was organized. On July
4th of the next year. E. C. Bargh bought the lot on the corner of Third and
Monroe from D. C. Beaver, whose house was located there. The house was
then moved to the lot on the south of the High School Ag building, where it
now stands. They immediately set about building a church, and on June 1,
1902 the present brick building was dedicated. According to old records there
were about 41 charter members: Mercer, Bargh, Lovell, Lynch, Nelms and
Matthews families being among them.
Rev. F. O. Fannon was the first minister and served for about twenty
years before accepting a call to Centralia.
They have always been active in mission work and at present are help-
ing to support Kiamichi Mission, working with the Indians in Talihina, Okla-
homa, and the Burnside family who are near Honolulu, Hawaii. The present
minister is Rev. Rufus Gerkin.
CHURCH OF GOD
The Church of God was organized about 1925 with a membership of 20,
by Rev. Sam Miller. The first trustees were Noah Robnett, Harry Warren,
Fi-ank Kline and Mrs. Albert Maxwell and they bought the Cumberland Pres-
byterian church building which had not been used for some time, since that
congregation disbanded. The new church grew to about 40 members but there
was a change in membership, some original leaving, others joining with 45
or 50 for Sunday School. The present minister is Rev. A. C. Martin.
Old s,'li(H)l house, Imilt in ISG.j, and
erected in 1910.
down when I he new
ST'GAR CREEK CREAMERY
,.se K;irili,-| Ale, Til,-, Ills
WESTERN STORE, General :\Ids
The first settlers taught their own children or
one, who was more educated than the rest, taught
all the neighboring children. The first school in
this area was a log house with a puncheon floor,
large fireplace with stick chimney, and no win-
dows. It was built northwest of Kinmundy in 1837
and was taught by Samuel Whiteside. It was later
moved to the lot just west of the C.&E.I. rail-
road and south of the cemetery tui-n. and classes
were held there until 1857. Miss Annaline Pruett
taught in 1856.
After the town was laid out. Judge D. P.
Snelling donated a lot on Fremont street, just
north of the French home, and a new building was
erected there. This was frame, 36'x24' with a hall.
Classes were taught by James P. Smith of Hudson,
New Hampshii-e. Later teachers were W. R. Hub-
bard, Dr. L. S. Skilling, N. S. Hubbard and Miss
This building became so crowded in the 60s
that the directors rented a hall on lot 64 in the
original town, and held classes there for the older
pupils. Professor Pollard was instructor and he
was followed by Professor Vincent of Farina. When
the new school was finished this hall was bought
by the Presbyterians who used it as a church and
In the 80s "Select School" was held here. This
was a spring term in March and April after the
Public school closed in February. Pupils paid $1.00
per month tuition. The hall was later moved down
town to the corner of Second and Madison street,
where it stood many years.
In the fall of 1865 a new four-room frame
building was erected on the site of the present high
school. This opened in October, with Prof. Simeon
Wright, ex-soldier of the Civil War, as principal.
He came from Bloomington, Illinois. Miss Permelia
Elder taught the grammar department. Miss Amelia
Woodruff the intermediate, and Miss Matilda
Young, the primary. The contractor was Tilden
Raser; W. C. Smith was one of the carpenters. In
1883 it was necessary to enlarge this and two rooms
were added on the north, making six rooms in all.
This was torn down in 1910. and a two-story
brick building erected, which sei-ved both grades
and high school until 1955, when a new grade
school was built on the Kinmundy-Louisville black-
top east of town. High school and junior high con-
tinue in the old building.
In 1912 our school was accj-edited by the Uni-
versity of Illinois so that our pupils can enter uni-
versity without entrance examinations..
In 1924 a gymnasium was built at the north
end of the school grounds and served for all school
functions, as well as town affairs, until the new
and larger one was finished this last year.
Early rural students walked miles through
snow and mud. rode horseback or stayed during
the week with townspeople, and were the baby sit-
ters of that era. After the automobile became
standard equipment, country roads were improved
and in 1940 school buses were instituted to bring
country pupils to school.
This was the death kiiell for the one-room
country school, and now North Fork, Arnold Chapel,
Maple Grove, Shanghai. Wilson and other country
school pupils ride in to Kinmundy school. The
buildings have been sold and are converted into
town-houses, community centers or even dwellings.
In 1941, High School District 25 was enlarged
into Community High School District 500, and in
August. 1953. the Kinmundy-Alma Consolidated
District 301 was lormed. With all this growth, new
buildings have been added, a cafeteria and home
economics building in 1949, and an Ag buildmg in
1954. The newest addition is the new gym.
NFAV HIGH SCHOOL GYMXASILLM
This is a photograpli made
Dec. 24, 1903.
The fire of 190:! wliich destroyed the buildings from the alley on IMadison
street to tlie bank corner, and west on 3rd street inclnding- the opera house.
Photo was taken at Third and Madisou Streets.
This page compliments of
THE STATE BANK OF FARINA
F. G. STONECIPIIER and FUNERAL HOME, F.XRINA
Fires and FitH' fPeparitnent
Tli(> first mt-nt
the City Coiuu-il ii
Sept. l(j. 18G7, will
to procure 5 dozen
on of a fire department is in
linntes of a si)ecial meeting
n tlie mayor was instructed
buckets, either india rubber
or leatlier, also half-dozen ladders and half dozen
]ioles with hooks for fighting fire. In Sept. 1870,
the mayor appointed a committee to inspect all
flues in the business part of the city, and report
on defective ones, and in October, a special com-
mittee was empowered to enter any house or
liuiltling in the city, between sun up and sun-
down, on any week day, to examine any hearlh,
chiinney, stove, oven, boiler, etc.. and notify
owner of the danger and that he shoidd correct
it. Failure to comply was subject to $50 fine and
costs and $5 for every day the danger continued.
In December, 187:5, an ordinance to establish
fire limits was introduced and 2 dozen buckets, a
.SO ft. ladder and necessary rakes and poles anil
other implements were ordered. In March, 1874
they voted to procure a wagon, and a place to
keep it, and the implements ready and safe for
use in case of fire. There were many bad fires —
the lumber yard — the Mendenall Evaporator and
others in the 90s.
•eal estate ; C. W. Wit-
g; W. H Gray, build-
) lost all the town
ill this yaw when
iM'tings v,-ere fomul
newspai)er: S. R. Woolley,
wer, real estate and buildi
ing; and the City Council w
records, or so they thought,
the minutes of the very first
and lent us for this book.
The bucket brigade saved the buildings (;n
the opposite side of the street, but were powerless
to stop the blaze, till they tore down Dr. Camer-
er's office and the building next to it. The Ef-
fingham fire department came down on a freight
train, and made the run in 35 minutes but ar-
rived too late to save the buildings. The next
year the buildings to the south burned, and the
Kxj)ress was again destroyed.
In 1916 the Opera House which had been re-
built, burned again, and this time there was a
jnunp cart and hose to aid the bucket brigade, but
it was not enough. Those buildings have never
been rebuilt since that time.
About 1919 a small Ford truck was purchas-
ed and that was used til 1940, when the city got
a bigger Ford pumper. AImo.st immediately,
there was another big fire which took the whole
south side of the block of Third street between
^ladison and the alley. At this time the fire
companies came from St. Peter, Farina and Sa-
lem. This block was never rebuilt.
Ill 190:5 the business section was destroyed
from the Masonic Temple to the bank and west
to Dr. Camerer's office. The list of losses were:
the ]\Iasouie temple, Weisberg clothing store;
Gunu and Killie Grocery; M. A. Songer, dry-
good and Millinery; First National Bank, their
safe remained in the fire but the contents were
found to be unharmed; the offices above the
bank, the I.O.O.F. and Rebekah halls on the third
floor ; John Spillman barber shop ; C. T. Middle-
ton grocery ; J. P. Whitson Harness shop ; Ha-
worth Opera Hou.se ; Gramley Bros., Meat market
S. L. Bundy, clothing and shoes ; Express Journal
KINMUNDY-AOIA VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT
In 1955 the Kinmiuuly-Alma fire protection
district was organized. This takes in quite a bit
of territory outside of the two towns and acts to
lower the insurance rates for farmers living in the
district. In addition to the old pumper the depart-
ment now has a new and bigger Ford triple com-
bination, low pressure, high pressure and com-
bination ladder. A siren has replaced the old
bell and light plant whistle, whose frightening
sound ■we remember so well.
Jim Alexander, Pres.
George Feather, Vice Pres.
Gilbert Doolen, Secy.-Treas.
Carl Dunlap, Fire Chief
Jesse George, Assistant Chief
P. H. Robnett, Captain
James Lane, Lieutenant
R. R. Atkins
D. C. Day
Lowell I. Devore
E. E. Jahraus
R. R. Lee
John W. McCnlley
O. Yates Jr.
E. O. Zimmer
HOUSES SHOWN ON HISTORICAL TOUR
The Pan-ill residence i,
town was platted in 1857.
office by W. B. Eagan. I
Council meetings when W
weigh hay and grain. He sold it
east and it passed through
1907 by the Pa "' '
lid to be the first house built after t
was used as a house and store and pi
mentioned in th.. minutes of early C:
1. petitiont'il i.. liiiil.i s<:iles in front
11 family whe
This hundi.d \eii old hous
bv MRhiel Wolle ol LouisMlle
thKk md muk of buck Most
outside elitiances ^md ^^ele lar
those dajs was loi a tamlly t(
on tht newlv tliuntd land It
laimb, the Absalom Tuckers
and the gieat ferandmotliLi ot
Woltt. died a bachelor h i\iii,
the estate, and in 18bb ' .. r ^.
Galena. Ill, bought and I'ln 1
it to his son. Charles, who i.l.l
laised tine cattle there uiilil
Gieemng, Wm H Meeks, Ay
lti20, Tony loung who had ex
It Vftei his death it was sold by
their home was built
Wolfe and his sistei s
other of Byron Rot ii
Uotans and Wadi s
s . 111. I I .| . 1 1\ was sold to
wli wi li.Mi Indiana by waj
Mil I u^ll^ 1. i,i» In 1885 he s„
II nun la Hereford Paik ai
w.iit thioU(,h many hands. Hi n
ant John Mei chant and finally
orchards in the neighboihood boug
widow to O I Leach, the prese
purchaser of the land was Isaac Eagar
nt in 1852 sold it to W J Sprouse,
bought by Michael Wolle Eleven own
now the lesidmci
Snelling was bom
New Hampshue is
on all sides whuh
lush, going to c il
and horseb.K k h
the middle wi si
, Id 1 Sn
uded to settli
old home wli
ts bouf,ht md
The V. O I 1
Rohrbough md li i
bough came to k i i
1 the ci\il
I ih est ite xbout l')23 ind hi'
1 juodLinized and ii-modeled but looks
\ tditid the Kinmundy Express md i
Giissom teaches voice and is dut
This houie now the residence of Mi and Mi£
by Abram Soiit,( i " ^
mundy from Xi ni
prisoner in I ii)b>
who tunneled out
tion from the Southt
er, Giles, Mi Suii^i i
which they m ul i
affair but in i^
house remodeh d
(Mrs. James I i.
Mollie Songei w 1
were all gone it b. Im
been remodeled md n
Ingram is a coUectoi
Blwin Ingram w is bu
,vh( n the> cime to Ki
M s Ml Songei w is
nf,er was a scht
I 1 I eived her edui
II With his biot
The home of Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd Bailey is about 100 yeai
originally the home of the George Rutherford family.
been put together with wooden pegs instead of iinils, i ut Mi i
tensively remodeled since then. The .soutli. :isi iniini i.s i I i M I
ford taught shorthand to the many yunin |.im|,|, ,,i il i
went to Chicago and got jobs. In the sn ii^ nnh lui ii I
er, an early newspaper, devoted to the Gni nio. k p.iri\. i i i i i
mundy Register. He was also an osteopath ami wa.s knuwi s li i
doctor." The daughters Sue and Ida Ixitli went to Chicago but late
back and remodeled and landscaped the place. It was bought
present owners in 1943 when they came here at the time of the oil
They have modernized and improved the house and grounds
THIS PAGE COURTESY SALEM TIMES-( OMMONER
t , ,_ ., •
UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS-URBANA
3 0112 050743688